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Globalization and New Geographies of Conservation

Examining the geographical dimensions of environmental management and conservation activities implemented on landscapes worldwide, Globalization and New Geographies of Conservation creates a new framework and collects original case studies to explore recent developments in the interaction of humans and their environment.

Globalization and New Geographies of Conservation makes four important arguments about the recent coupling of conservation and globalization that is reshaping the place of nature in human-environmental change. First, it has led to an unprecedented number of spatial arrangements whose environmental management goals and prescribed activities vary along a spectrum from strict biodiversity protection to sustainable utilization involving agriculture, food production, and extractive activities. Conservation and globalization are also leading, by necessity, to new scales of management in these activities that rely on environmental science, thus shifting the spatial patterning of humans and the environment. This interaction results, as well, in the unprecedented importance of boundaries and borders; transnational border issues pose both opportunities and threats to global conservation proposed by organizations and institutions that are themselves international. Lastly, Globalization and New Geographies of Conservation argues that the local level has been integral to globalization, while the regional level is often eclipsed at the peril of the successful implementation of conservation and management programs.

Bridging the gap between geography and life science, Globalization and New Geographies of Conservation will appeal to a broad range of students of the environment, conservation planning; biodiversity management, and development and globalization studies.

400 pages | 16 halftones, 14 line drawings, 7 tables | 6 x 9 | © 2006

Biological Sciences: Conservation

Earth Sciences: Environment

Geography: Environmental Geography, Social and Political Geography


"A finely wrought set of essays that teach us a lot about contemporary conservation practices in the Global South. Because the essays are so well written, they would make for useful supplementary readings in graduate and undergraduate courses on sustainable development, the environmental. and geography."

Tom Rudel | Environmental Conservation

Table of Contents

1. Geographical Perspectives on Globalization and Environmental Issues: The Inner-Connections of Conservation, Agriculture, and Livelihoods
Karl Zimmerer
Part I. Spatialities in Global Conservation and Sustainability Projects
2. Certifying Biodiversity: Conservation Networks, Landscape Connectivity, and Certified Agriculture in Southern Mexico
Tad Mutersbaugh
3. Satellite Remote Sensing for Management and Monitoring of Certified Forestry: An Example from the Brazilian Amazon
Jane M. Read
4. Productive Conservation and Its Representation: The Case of Beekeeping in the Brazilian Amazon
J. Christopher Brown
Part II. Linking Scales in Livelihood Analysis and Global Environmental Science
5. Urban House-Lot Gardens and Agrodiversity in Santarém, Pará, Brazil: Spaces of Conservation That Link Urban with Rural
Antoinette M. G. A. WinklerPrins
6. Multilevel Geographies of Seed Networks and Seed Use in Relation to Agrobiodiversity Conservation in the Andean Countries
Karl Zimmerer
7. Shifting Scales, Lines, and Lives: The Politics of Conservation Science and Development in the Sahel
Matthew D. Turner
Part III. Transnational and Border Issues in Global Conservation Management
8. Conservation Initiatives and "Transnationalization" in the Mekong River Basin
Chris Sneddon
9. A Transnational Perspective on National Protected Areas and Ecoregions in the Tropical Andean Countries
Rodrigo Sierra
10. Development of Peru’s Protected-Area System: Historical Continuity of Conservation Goals
Kenneth R. Young and Lily O. Rodríguez
Part IV. Decentralization and Environmental Governance in Globalization
11. Conservation, Globalization, and Democratization: Exploring the Contradictions in the Maya Biosphere Reserve, Guatemala
Juanita Sundberg
12. Decentralization, Land Policy, and the Politics of Scale in Burkina Faso
Leslie C. Gray
13. Fences, Ecologies, and Changes in Pastoral Life: Sandy Land Reclamation in Uxin Ju, Inner Mongolia, China
Hong Jiang
Conclusion: Rethinking the Compatibility, Consequences, and Geographic Strategies of Conservation and Development
Karl Zimmerer
List of Contributors

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