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Foundations of Animal Behavior

Classic Papers with Commentaries

Beginning with Darwin’s work in the 1870s, Foundations of Animal Behavior selects the most important works from the discipline’s first hundred years—forty-four classic papers—and presents them in facsimile, tracing the development of the field. These papers are classics because they either founded a line of investigation, established a basic method, or provided a new approach to an important research question.

The papers are divided into six sections, each introduced by prominent researchers. Sections one and two cover the origins and history of the field and the emergence of basic methods and approaches. They provide a background for sections three through six, which focus on development and learning; neural and hormonal mechanisms of behavior; sensory processes, orientation, and communication; and the evolution of behavior.

This outstanding collection will serve as the basis for undergraduate and graduate seminars and as a reference for researchers in animal behavior, whether they focus on ethology, behavioral ecology, comparative psychology, or anthropology.

Published in association with the Animal Behavior Society

858 pages | 6-5/8 x 9-3/8 | © 1996

Published in Association with the Animal Behavior Society

Biological Sciences: Behavioral Biology

History of Science

Table of Contents

Introduction by Lynne D. Houck and Lee C. Drickamer
Pt. 1: Historical Origins: The Making of a Science
Bennett G. Galef, Jr
1: Instinct
Charles Darwin
2: Introduction
George C. Romanes
3: Introduction
E. L. Thorndike
4: What is behaviorism?
J. B. Watson
Pt. 2: The Emerging Science: Defining the Goals, Approaches, and Methods
Lee C. Drickamer, Charles T. Snowdon.
5: A critique of Konrad Lorenz’s theory of instinctive behavior
Daniel S. Lehrman
6: On aims and methods of ethology
Niko Tinbergen
7: Ethological units of behavior
George W. Barlow
8: Describing sequences of behavior
Peter J. B. Slater
9: Observational study of behavior: sampling methods
Jeanne Altmann
10: A quantitative comparison of the behaviour of a wild and caged baboon group
Thelma E. Rowell
11: Comparative methods and the concept of homology in the study of behaviour
G. P. Baerends
12: Scala naturae: Why there is no theory in comparative psychology
William Hodos, C. B. G. Campbell.
Pt. 3: Development and Learning: Genetic Influences, Learning, and Instinct
Charles T. Snowdon
13: Appetites and aversions as constituents of instincts
14: Culturally transmitted patterns of vocal behavior in sparrows
Peter Marler, Miwako Tamura.
15: Prenatal behavior of birds
Gilbert Gottlieb
16: A gene mutation which changes a behavior pattern
Margaret Bastock
17: Genetic control of the neuronal network generating cricket song patterns
David R. Bentley, Ronald R. Hoy.
18: Experimental studies of mimicry in some North American Butterflies, Part 1: The monarch, Danaus plexippus, and viceroy, Limenitis archippus, archippus
Jane Van Zandt Brower
19: Relation of cue to consequence in avoidance learning
John Garcia, Robert A. Koelling.
20: Affectional responses in the infant monkey
Harry F. Harlow, Robert R. Zimmermann.
Part. 4: Neural and Hormonal Mechanisms of Behavior: Physiological Causes and Consequences
Elizabeth Adkins-Regan
21: The hierarchical organization of nervous mechanisms underlying instinctive behaviour
Niko Tinbergen
22: Relations between the central nervous system and the peripheral organs
E. von Holst
23: Exogenous and endogenous components in circadian rhythms
Jurgen Aschoff
24: Menstrual synchrony and suppression
Martha K. McClintock
25: Interaction between internal and external environments in the regulation of the reproductive cycle of the ring dove
Daniel S. Lehrman
26: Effects of different concentrations of androgen upon sexual behavior in castrated male rats
Frank A. Beach, A. Marie Holz-Tucker.
27: Organizing action of prenatally administered testosterone propionate on the tissues mediating mating behavior in the female guinea pig
Charles H. Phoenix, Robert W. Goy, Arnold A. Gerrall, William C. Young.
28: Hunger in the blowfly
Vincent G. Dethier, Dietrich Bodenstein.
29: Energy models of motivation
R. A. Hinde
Pt. 5: Sensory Processes, Orientation, and Communication: Biology of the Umwelt
Fred C. Dyer, H. Jane Brockmann.
30: The "language" and orientation of the honey bee
Karl von Frisch, Martin Lindauer.
31: The sensory basis of obstacle avoidance by flying bats
Donald R. Griffin, Robert Galambos.
32: The detection and evasion of bats by moths
Kenneth D. Roeder, Asher E. Treat.
33: Guideposts of migrating fishes
Arthur D. Hasler
34: Chemical communication among animals
Edward O. Wilson, William H. Bossert.
35: Bird migration: influence of physiological state upon celestial orientation
Stephen T. Emlen
36: The logical analysis of animal communication
Peter Marler
Pt. 6: Evolution of Behavior: Approaches to Studying Behavioral Change
Stevan J. Arnold, H. Jane Brockmann.
37: Comparative studies of the motor patterns of Anatinae (1941), translated by Robert Martin, in Studies in Animal and Human Behavior, vol. 2, pp. 14-18, 106-14
Konrad Lorenz
38: The evolution of prey-carrying mechanisms in w

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