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Dark Voices

W. E. B. Du Bois and American Thought, 1888-1903

Dark Voices is the first sustained examination of the intellectual formation of W. E. B. Du Bois, tracing the scholar and civil rights leader’s thought from his undergraduate days in the 1880s to the 1903 publication of his masterpiece, The Souls of Black Folk, and offering a new reading of his work from this period.

Bringing to light materials from the Du Bois archives that have not been discussed before, Shamoon Zamir explores Du Bois’s deep engagement with American and European philosophy and social science. He examines the impact on Du Bois of his studies at Harvard with William James and George Santayana, and shows how the experience of post-Reconstruction racism moved Du Bois from metaphysical speculation to the more instrumentalist knowledge of history and the new discipline of sociology, as well as toward the very different kind of understanding embodied in the literary imagination. Providing a new and detailed reading of The Souls of Black Folk in comparison with Hegel’s Phenomenology of Mind, Zamir challenges accounts that place Du Bois alongside Emerson and James, or characterize him as a Hegelian idealist. This reading also explores Du Bois’s relationship to African American folk culture, and shows how Du Bois was able to dramatize the collapse of many of his hopes for racial justice and liberation.

The first book to place The Souls of Black Folk in its intellectual context, Dark Voices is a case study of African American literary development in relation to the broader currents of European and American thought.

308 pages | 6 x 9 | © 1995

Black Studies

History: American History

Sociology: Race, Ethnic, and Minority Relations

Table of Contents

List of Abbreviations
1: Race and Multiplicity: An Introduction
Pt. I: From the South to the Seventh Ward
2: "Great Men," "Great Laws," and the "Fourth Dimension": The Crisis of Hero, System, and Nation
Bismarck in Tennessee: Traveling in Time
Pluralism as Mind-Cure: The Accommodation of William James
"Fourth Dimension" and "Great Laws": Satire and Historicism
Jefferson Davis at Harvard: Representing Civilization
3: Local Knowledge in the Shadow of Liberty: Science, Society, and Legitimacy
Toward Science: Will and Law Revisited
The Riddle of the American Sphinx: History, Sociology, and Exceptionalism
The Claims of "Thought and Feeling": Science, Literature, and Understanding
Pt. II: The Souls of Black Folk
4: "Double-Consciousness": Locating the Self
United Selves and United States: Hegel in America
"The Contradiction of Double Aims" and "The Talented Tenth"
The Unlocated Self: James, Santayana, Emerson
5: A "Prosody of Those Dark Voices": The Transformation of Consciousness
The Sorrow Songs: Using an Unusable Past
Voices from the Caverns and the Guardians of the Folk
Thoughtful Deed: The Senses of Prophetic Imagination
Missing the End: Toward Revolution
6: Conclusion
Appendix: W. E. B. Du Bois’s "A Vacation Unique"

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