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Behind the Development Banks

Washington Politics, World Poverty, and the Wealth of Nations

The World Bank and other multilateral development banks (MDBs) carry out their mission to alleviate poverty and promote economic growth based on the advice of professional economists. But as Sarah Babb argues in Behind the Development Banks, these organizations have also been indelibly shaped by Washington politics—particularly by the legislative branch and its power of the purse.

            Tracing American influence on MDBs over three decades, this volume assesses increased congressional activism and the perpetual “selling” of banks to Congress by the executive branch. Babb contends that congressional reluctance to fund the MDBs has enhanced the influence of the United States on them by making credible America’s threat to abandon the banks if its policy preferences are not followed. At a time when the United States’ role in world affairs is being closely scrutinized, Behind the Development Banks will be necessary reading for anyone interested in how American politics helps determine the fate of developing countries.

336 pages | 7 line drawings, 6 tables | 6 x 9 | © 2009

Economics and Business: Economics--Development, Growth, Planning

Political Science: American Government and Politics, Diplomacy, Foreign Policy, and International Relations

Sociology: Individual, State and Society


“I know of no other book which examines full-on the impact of Washington politics—and especially the unique split between executive branch and legislative branch in the American polity—on the functioning of a multilateral organization. Sarah Babb has delved deeply into archival sources and supplemented them with more academic literature and some interviews. The result is a well-written book, accessible to a wide readership and not just to students and scholars.”

Robert H. Wade, London School of Economics

“In an era dominated by a world banking crisis and calls for transparency in government, Sarah Babb has opened the black box of ‘donor politics’: how international financial institutions are controlled by shareholder governments. Amassing solid evidence from myriad sources, she shows how Washington politics have shaped U.S. policies, which lead multilateral banks to tie loans to policy, in turn setting off debates among development experts. A brilliant sociology of political and policy history, the dark side of organizations, and global economic development.”

Diane Vaughan, Columbia University

"An excellent book about the linkage between US domestic politics and the performance of these institutions. Babb shows how the shifts in the power of right- or left-wing blocs in Congress tie various policy strictures to the funds that are approved. . . . Thus the development banks are obligated to fold into their mandates aspects of strategic, economc, and humanitarian rationales that are of current concern in Washington."


Table of Contents



Chapter 1. The Banks and Their Shareholders

Chapter 2. The Congressional Revolt

Chapter 3. The Reagan Revolution

Chapter 4. Disciplining the Banks

Chapter 5. The Emergence of the Washington Consensus

Chapter 6. The Consensus Evolves

Chapter 7. The Banks and Civil Society

Chapter 8. Into the New Millennium




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