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Authors of the Impossible

The Paranormal and the Sacred

Most scholars dismiss research into the paranormal as pseudoscience, a frivolous pursuit for the paranoid or gullible. Even historians of religion, whose work naturally attends to events beyond the realm of empirical science, have shown scant interest in the subject. But the history of psychical phenomena, Jeffrey J. Kripal contends, is an untapped source of insight into the sacred and by tracing that history through the last two centuries of Western thought we can see its potential centrality to the critical study of religion.

Kripal grounds his study in the work of four major figures in the history of paranormal research: psychical researcher Frederic Myers; writer and humorist Charles Fort; astronomer, computer scientist, and ufologist Jacques Vallee; and philosopher and sociologist Bertrand Méheust. Through incisive analyses of these thinkers, Kripal ushers the reader into a beguiling world somewhere between fact, fiction, and fraud. The cultural history of telepathy, teleportation, and UFOs; a ghostly love story; the occult dimensions of science fiction; cold war psychic espionage; galactic colonialism; and the intimate relationship between consciousness and culture all come together in Authors of the Impossible, a dazzling and profound look at how the paranormal bridges the sacred and the scientific.


“This is an excellent book. As well as being carefully researched and theoretically interesting, it is also engaging, witty, and thoughtful. Writing in an easy, contemplative style, Kripal is never less than rigorous and wide-ranging; he doesn’t get mired in statistics or parapsychological analysis, but instead, drawing on religious studies and cultural analysis, he explores key ideas and thinkers in their respective contexts. In the process, the reader is introduced to the largely rejected knowledge of the psychical, the sacred is resurrected in the paranormal, and lazy skepticism is challenged. Authors of the Impossible will contribute significantly to the intelligent, open-minded study of the sacred, while Kripal will, I suspect, become a key figure in the development of new trajectories in the study of religion.”

Christopher Partridge, Lancaster University

“Jeffrey Kripal’s new book represents a serious intellectual challenge to the epistemological assumptions that govern the work of scientists and religion scholars alike. He demands nothing short of a paradigm shift in order to make sense of the odd, the anomalous, and the inexplicable. All of this he calls the impossible—the paranormal situations in which thought forms are said to become physical realities and the future to morph into the present and past. Kripal is no fluffy believer; he argues incisively and in detail in ways that seek to shake our materialist and rational foundations at their base, so that our defensive walls come tumbling down.”

Catherine L. Albanese, University of California, Santa Barbara

“This is a quietly earth-shattering project that constitutes a logical next step in the development of Kripal’s thinking over the course of his career and grows directly out of Esalen. In Kripal we have a classic Romantic thinker/writer who is formulating—in a conscious meld of the subjective and objective that is the hallmark of Romantic writing—his own distinctive and highly original Biographia Spiritualis.”

Victoria Nelson, author of The Secret Life of Puppets

"This is another in a series of outstanding and almost certainly controversial contributions to the academic study of religion by Kripal. . . .  Kripal has one of the most distinctive, interesting voices in the humanities today and has promise to revitalize and extend the reach of religious studies."


"There is much value to be gleaned from Kripal’s close reading of the four paranormal writers he examines. For scholars interested in giving paranormal belief its due, that reason alone is sufficient to ensure that Authors of the Impossible will remain an important yet controversial foray into the academic study of the so-called unexplained."

Justin Mullis | AIPT Comics

Table of Contents


An Impossible Opening: The Magical Politics of Bobby Kennedy

Introduction: Off the Page

Definitions and Broken Lineages

Restoring a Lineage

Authors of the Impossible: The Paranormal as Meaning

The Fantastic Narrative of Western Occulture: The Paranormal as Story

1 The Book as Séance: Frederic Myers and the London Society for Psychical Research

After Life

Myers and the Founding of the S.P.R.

The Subliminal Gothic: The Human as Two

The Supernormal and Evolution: The World as Two

Telepathy: The Communications Technology of the Spirit

The Perfect Insect of the Imaginal

The Telepathic and the Erotic: Myers’s Platonic Speech


2 Scattering the Seeds of a Super-Story: Charles Fort and the Fantastic Narrative of Western Occulture

The Parable of the Peaches: Fort’s Mischievous Monistic Life

Collecting and Classifying the Data of the Damned: Fort’s Comparative Method

The Three Eras or Dominants: Fort’s Philosophy of History

The Philosophy of the Hyphen: Fort’s Dialectical Monism

Galactic Colonialism: Fort’s Science Mysticism and Dark Mythology

Evolution, Wild Talents, and the Poltergeist Girls: Fort’s Magical Anthropology

3 The Future Technology of Folklore: Jacques Vallee and the UFO Phenomenon

Forbidden Science (1957–69)

Passport to Magonia: From Folklore to Flying Saucers (1969)

The Invisible College (1975)

The Present Technology of Folklore: Computer Technology and

Remote Viewing in the Psychic Underground

The Alien Contact Trilogy and the Mature Multiverse Gnosis

Sub Rosa: The Three Secrets

The Hermeneutics of Light: The Cave Become Window

4 Returning the Human Sciences to Consciousness: Bertrand Méheust and the Sociology of the Impossible

A Double Premise

Méheust and the Master

Science Fiction and Flying Saucers

The Challenge of the Magnetic and the Shock of the Psychical

“If Only One of These Facts . . .”: The Impossible Case of Alexis Didier

The Collective Mind: Bateson, De Martino, Vallee, and Jung

Agent X: Projection Theory Turned Back on Itself

Conclusion: Back on the Page

The Eclipse of the Sacred and the Psyche in Modern Oblivion

Consciousness, Culture, and Cognition: The Fantastic Structure of the Mind-Brain

From Realization to Authorization: Toward a Hermeneutics of the Impossible


Impossible (Dis)Closings: Two Youthful Encounters

Required Reading (That Is Never Read ): A Select Annotated Bibliography

Some More Damned Anecnotes


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