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An Alfred Russel Wallace Companion

Edited by Charles H. Smith, James T. Costa, and David A. Collard

An Alfred Russel Wallace Companion

Edited by Charles H. Smith, James T. Costa, and David A. Collard

416 pages | 12 halftones | 6 x 9 | © 2019
Cloth $60.00 ISBN: 9780226622101 Published June 2019
E-book $10.00 to $60.00 About E-books ISBN: 9780226622248 Published June 2019
Although Alfred Russel Wallace (1823–1913) was one of the most famous scientists in the world at the time of his death at the age of ninety, today he is known to many as a kind of “almost-Darwin,” a secondary figure relegated to the footnotes of Darwin’s prodigious insights. But this diminution could hardly be less justified. Research into the life of this brilliant naturalist and social critic continues to produce new insights into his significance to history and his role in helping to shape modern thought.

Wallace declared his eight years of exploration in southeast Asia to be “the central and controlling incident” of his life. As 2019 marks one hundred and fifty years since the publication of The Malay Archipelago, Wallace’s canonical work chronicling his epic voyage, this collaborative book gathers an interdisciplinary array of writers to celebrate Wallace’s remarkable life and diverse scholarly accomplishments. Wallace left school at the age of fourteen and was largely self-taught, a voracious curiosity and appetite for learning sustaining him throughout his long life. After years as a surveyor and builder, in 1848 he left Britain to become a professional natural history collector in the Amazon, where he spent four years. Then, in 1854, he departed for the Malay Archipelago. It was on this voyage that he constructed a theory of natural selection similar to the one Charles Darwin was developing, and the two copublished papers on the subject in 1858, some sixteen months before the release of Darwin’s On the Origin of Species.

But as the contributors to the Companion show, this much-discussed parallel evolution in thought was only one epoch in an extraordinary intellectual life. When Wallace returned to Britain in 1862, he commenced a career of writing on a huge range of subjects extending from evolutionary studies and biogeography to spiritualism and socialism. An Alfred Russel Wallace Companion provides something of a necessary reexamination of the full breadth of Wallace’s thought—an attempt to describe not only the history and present state of our understanding of his work, but also its implications for the future.
Contents
Introduction
by Charles H. Smith, James T. Costa, and David Collard

Chapter 1 The Early Evolution of Wallace as a Thinker
by Charles H. Smith

Chapter 2 Wallace and the “Preter-normal”
by Charles H. Smith

Chapter 3 Field Study, Collecting, and Systematic Representation
by James T. Costa

Chapter 4 Wallace, Darwin, and Natural Selection
by James T. Costa

Chapter 5 Wallace on the Colors of Animals: Defense against Predators
by Hannah M. Rowland and Eleanor Drinkwater

Chapter 6 The Many Influences Shaping Wallace’s Views on Human Evolution
by Sherrie Lyons

Chapter 7 Wallace as Social Critic, Sociologist, and Societal “Prophet”
by Martin Fichman

Chapter 8 Land and Economics
by David Collard

Chapter 9 Physical Geography, Glaciology, and Geology
by Charles H. Smith

Chapter 10 Historical and Ecological Biogeography
by James T. Costa

Chapter 11 Wallace at the Foundations of Biogeography and the Frontiers of Conservation Biology
by Mark V. Lomolino

Chapter 12 Wallace and Extraterrestrial Life
by Robert W. Smith

Coda
 
References
List of Contributors
Index
Review Quotes
Ross A. Slotten, author of "The Heretic in Darwin’s Court: The Life of Alfred Russel Wallace"
An Alfred Russel Wallace Companion is a truly comprehensive examination of the ruminations and writings of one of the most remarkable men of the Victorian era, the co-discoverer of the theory of natural selection with Charles Darwin. This book is so thorough in its analysis of a protean mind that it is difficult to imagine that it will or can be surpassed. Anyone interested in the history of science, and in particular evolutionary theory and the foundations of biogeography, will find this collection of essays enlightening and thought-provoking. Even at his least convincing, his embrace of Spiritualism and anti-vaccinationism, Wallace the revolutionary is evident. The authors rightly argue that his concerns for social justice, the degradation of the planet, and humans’ place in the universe make him relevant today, even if some of his ideas, based on the best data available to him at the time, may be outdated.”
Andrew Berry, Harvard University, editor of "Infinite Tropics: An Alfred Russel Wallace Anthology"
“Given the disparate nature of its subject’s intellectual pursuits, this collection of scholarship on Wallace is inevitably eclectic. Usefully synthetic, it provides the hugely significant service of bringing together many disparate strands of Wallaceana in a single location. Wallace has a special need for this kind of treatment because of the breadth of his interests. If you’re interested in Darwin, you need only check out the history of biology literature; if, however, you’re interested in Wallace, you are compelled to hunt up references in far-flung areas—in the history of biology, history of medicine, history of economics, and in political history. An Alfred Russel Wallace Companion brings all this together in one place.”
Lawrence R. Heaney, Negaunee Curator of Mammals, Field Museum of Natural History
“Although, as a biogeographer, I have taken an interest in Wallace for many years, I learned a great many new things about him and his times by reading these chapters, both in terms of details and of broad issues. He was quite a remarkable individual, and certainly deserves far more attention than he has received in recent decades. This book should do much to rectify that lack of attention. It will quickly come to represent a major milestone in what we know about Wallace and his contributions.”
For more information, or to order this book, please visit https://www.press.uchicago.edu
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