Ancestral Connections

Art and an Aboriginal System of Knowledge

Howard Morphy

Ancestral Connections

Howard Morphy

348 pages | 56 figures | 6 x 9 | © 1991
Paper $49.00 ISBN: 9780226538662 Published March 1992
Ancestral Connections unlocks the inner meaning of Australian Aboriginal bark painting. Drawing on more than ten years of fieldwork among the Yolngu—an Aboriginal people of Northeast Arnhem Land—and applying both anthropological and art historical methods, Howard Morphy explores systematically the graphic representation of traditional knowledge in Yolngu art. He also charts the role that art has played in Aboriginal society both present and past.

The rich symbolism of Yolngu art links the Yolngu directly with the "Dreaming," the time of world-creation that continues as the spiritual dimension of the present. Morphy shows how a complex dialectic of "inside" and "outside" interpretations of painting structures the system of knowledge in Yolngu society, and how European interest in this art has caused certain changes in the conditions of its production. The "inside" significance of the art, however, has not changed; it retains its dual ability to represent and to constitute relationships between things.

Ancestral Connections is a major contribution to the anthropology of art. A subtle commentary on the colonial encounter in northern Australia, the book demonstrates how the Yolngu have used their art—against all odds—as an instrument of cultural survival and as a component of the economic and political transformation of their society.

List of Figures
Preface and Acknowledgments
1. Introduction
2. Art for Sale
3. Yolngu Society: An Outline
4. The Rights to Paint
5. Inside and Outside: The Yolngu System of Knowledge
6. Paintings as Meaningful Objects
7. The Meanings of Paintings in Ceremony
8. The Components of Yolngu Art
9. Changing with the Times: Categories of Art and the Composition of Paintings
10. Manggalili Iconography
11. Yingapungapu
12. Nyapililngu’s Blood
13. Conclusion: Yolngu Art and the Creativity of the Inside
Note on Orthography

Australian Inst. of Aboriginal Studies: Stanner Prize

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