Architecture after Richardson

Regionalism before Modernism--Longfellow, Alden, and Harlow in Boston and Pittsburgh

Margaret Henderson Floyd

Architecture after Richardson

Margaret Henderson Floyd

369 pages | 350 halftones, 100 line drawings | 9 x 12 | © 1993
Cloth $127.00 ISBN: 9780226254104 Published September 1994
Most histories of American architecture after H. H. Richardson have emphasized the work of Louis Sullivan and Frank Lloyd Wright in the Middle West. By examining instead the legacy of three highly successful architects who were in practice simultaneously in New England and Western Pennsylvania from 1886 into the 1920s, Margaret Henderson Floyd underscores the architectural significance of another part of the nation.

Floyd critically’ assesses the careers, works, and patronage of Alexander Wadsworth Longfellow, Frank Ellis Alden, and Alfred Branch Harlow. Longfellow and Alden were senior draftsmen in H. H. Richardson’s office, and Harlow worked with McKim, Mead & White in New York, Newport, and Boston. After Richardson’s death, the three set up their own practice with offices in Boston and Pittsburgh, and these offices eventually became two separate practices. Over the years, their commissions included scores of city and country residences for the elite of both regions as well as major institutional and business buildings such as those at Harvard and Radcliffe, the Cambridge City Hall, and Pittsburgh’s Duquesne Club and Carnegie Institute.

Placing these architects in a broader context of American architectural and landscape history, Floyd uncovers a strong cultural affinity between turn-of-the-century Boston and Pittsburgh. She also reveals an unsuspected link between the path of modernism from Richardson to Wright and the evolution of anti-modern imagery manifested in regionalism. Floyd thus combines her analysis of the work of Longfellow, Alden, and Harlow with a critique of mid-twentieth-century historiography to expose connections between New England regionalism, the arts and crafts movement, and such innovators as Frank Lloyd Wright and Buckminster Fuller.
Introduction: Architecture after Richardson: Critical Questions
1. Boston Background
Wadsworth Longfellow: The Early Years
Architectural Education: Boston and Paris
H.H. Richardson and McKim, Mead & White
2. Longfellow, Alden & Harlow: Boston (1886-1896)
Richardson Recast: Public Building
Richardson Recast: The Shingle Style Transformed
New England Images
3. Longfellow, Alden & Harlow: Pittsburgh (1886-1896)
The Pittsburgh Office
Homes in Allegheny and the East End
The Carnegie Institute and Libraries
4. Alden & Harlow: Pittsburgh (1896-1908)
Carnegie Commissions
Public Buildings for Pittsburgh
Millionaires’ Mansions: The East End
Sewickley and the Country House
5. A. W. Long Fellow, Jr.: Boston (1896-1923)
The Boston Office: Landscape, Planning, and Engineering
The Boston Society of Arts and Crafts: Bulfinch Rediscovered
Buildings for Radcliffe and Harvard
The Coast of Maine and Penobscot Bay
Epilogue: Architecture and Landscape
Appendix: Longfellow, Alden, and Harlow: Works
List of Illustrations

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