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Asia in the Making of Europe, Volume I

The Century of Discovery. Book 2.

Praised for its scope and depth, Asia in the Making of Europe is the first comprehensive study of Asian influences on Western culture. For volumes I and II, the author has sifted through virtually every European reference to Asia published in the sixteenth-century; he surveys a vast array of writings describing Asian life and society, the images of Asia that emerge from those writings, and, in turn, the reflections of those images in European literature and art. This monumental achievement reveals profound and pervasive influences of Asian societies on developing Western culture; in doing so, it provides a perspective necessary for a balanced view of world history.

Volume I: The Century of Discovery brings together "everything that a European could know of India, Southeast Asia, China, and Japan, from printed books, missionary reports, traders’ accounts and maps" (The New York Review of Books). Volume II: A Century of Wonder examines the influence of that vast new body of information about Asia on the arts, institutions, literatures, and ideas of sixteenth-century Europe.

504 pages | 23 halftones, 9 maps | 6-1/8 x 9-1/4 | © 1965

Asian Studies: General Asian Studies

History: European History

Table of Contents

Book One
Part I - Heritage
1. Antiquity and the Middle Ages
1. India in the Greek Tradition (600-100 B.C.)
2. The Expanding Horizons of the Graeco-Roman World (26 B.C.-A.D. 300)
3. The Medieval View of Asia (300-1300)
4. The Revelation of Cathay (1240-1350)
2. The Renaissance before the Great Discoveries
1. Trade, Exploration, and Diplomacy
2. Travel Accounts of India
3. Cartography and Geography
4. Fine Arts
5. Literature
6. Technology and Invention
7. Summary
Part II - New Channels of Information
3. The Spice Trade
1. The First Voyage of Vasco da Gama
2. The Beginnings of Trade between Portugal and India, 1499-1503
3. The Reorientation of Commerce in Europe, 1500-1515
4. The Conflict over the Moluccas
5. The Conduct of Trade at Lisbon and Antwerp, 1509-48
6. The Revival of Eastern Mediterranean Trade, 1548-70
7. The New Era of Contract Trade, 1570-98
Appendix. Pepper Prices in the Sixteenth Century
4. The Printed Word
1. Portugal’s Control of Information
2. Circulation in Europe of the First Reports, 1500-1520
3. The Widening Circle, 1521-50
4. The Iberian Commentators and Linschoten
5. The Great Collections of Travel Literature
6. The Evidence of Maps
5. The Christian Mission
1. The Portuguese "Padroado" (Patronage) of the East
2. The Jesuit Enterprise, 1542-1600
3. The Mission Stations of India
4. The Mission Stations of Further Asia
A. Xavier’s Reconnaissance, 1546-52
B. Malacca and the Spiceries
C. Mass Conversions and Reform in Japan, 1552-82
D. Macao and Manila
E. Troubles in Japan, 1582-1600
F. Friars and Adventurers in Cambodia
5. The Jesuit Letters, Letterbooks, and General Histories
Part III - Four Images and a Composite Picture
6. India
1. The Portugues Profile
A. Geographic Placement and Adjacent Islands
B. Malabar
C. The Hindu Empire of Vijayanagar
D. The Deccan States and Goa
E. Gujarat (Cambay)
F. From Cape Comorin to Bengal
G. Hindustan and the Afghan-Mughul Struggle for Supremacy
2. The Jesuit Newsletters and Histories
A. The "Indian Letters" in Europe, 1545-1601
B. The First Impressions, 1552-70
C. The Second Generation, 1570-1601
3. The Italian, English, and Dutch Commentators
Book Two
7. Southeast Asia
1. The Printed Sources in Review
2. Malaya, the Crossroads of Asia
3. Siam
4. Burma
5. Indochina
6. Sumatra, Borneo, and Java
7. The Spiceries
8. The Philippine Islands
8. Japan
1. First Notices
2. "The Best [People] Who Have Yet Been Discovered"
3. The Successors of Xavier, 1552-85
4. A Japanese Mission in Europe, 1584-86
5. Maps, Histories, and Polemics in Europe, 1585-1601
9. China
1. Behind the Portuguese Curtain, 1520-50
2. Mendoza’s Book and Its Sources
3. The "Mightie Kingdome"
A. Political Entity, Organization, and Administration
B. Economic Resources and Crafts
C. Customs, Social Practices, and Learning
D. Military Weakness, Trade, and the Tribute System
E. Criticism and Evaluation
4. The Jesuit Writings
5. The Evidence of Maps
10. Epilogue: A Composite Picture
General Bibliography
Chapter Bibliographies

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