Wittgenstein and Modernism
Michael LeMahieu Karen Zumhagen-Yekplé bring together scholars in both twentieth-century philosophy and modern literary studies to put Wittgenstein into dialogue with some of modernism’s most iconic figures, including Samuel Beckett, Saul Bellow, Walter Benjamin, Henry James, James Joyce, Franz Kafka, Adolf Loos, Robert Musil, Wallace Stevens, and Virginia Woolf. The contributors touch on two important aspects of Wittgenstein’s work and modernism itself: form and medium. They discuss issues ranging from Wittgenstein and poetics to his use of numbered propositions in the Tractatus as a virtuoso performance of modernist form; from Wittgenstein’s persistence metaphoric use of religion, music, and photography to an exploration of how he and Henry James both negotiated the relationship between the aesthetic and the ethical.
Covering many other fascinating intersections of the philosopher and the arts, this book offers an important bridge across the disciplinary divides that have kept us from a fuller picture of both Wittgenstein and the larger intellectual and cultural movement of which he was a part.
Introduction: Wittgenstein, Modernism, and the Contradictions of Writing Philosophy as Poetry
Michael LeMahieu and Karen Zumhagen-Yekplé
Part 1 Wittgenstein’s Modernist Context
1 Wittgenstein and Modernism in Literature: Between the Tractatus and the Philosophical Investigations
Anthony J. Cascardi
2 “To Become a Different Person”: Wittgenstein, Christianity, and the Modernist Ethos
3 The Concept of Expression in the Arts from a Wittgensteinian Perspective
4 Wittgenstein, Loos, and Critical Modernism: Style and Idea in Architecture and Philosophy
Part 2 Wittgenstein’s Modernist Cultures
5 Loos, Musil, Wittgenstein, and the Recovery of Human Life
6 Wittgenstein, Benjamin, and Pure Realism
7 What Makes a Poem Philosophical?
Part 3 Wittgenstein and Literary Modernism
8 In the Condition of Modernism: Philosophy, Literature, and The Sacred Fount
9 The World as Bloom Found It: “Ithaca,” the Tractatus, and “Looking More than Once for the Solution of Difficult Problems in Imaginary or Real Life”
10 Lectures on Ethics: Wittgenstein and Kafka
11 Bellow’s Private Language
List of Contributors