Science for All
The Popularization of Science in Early Twentieth-Century Britain
Recent scholarship has revealed that pioneering Victorian scientists endeavored through voluminous writing to raise public interest in science and its implications. But it has generally been assumed that once science became a profession around the turn of the century, this new generation of scientists turned its collective back on public outreach. Science for All debunks this apocryphal notion.
Peter J. Bowler surveys the books, serial works, magazines, and newspapers published between 1900 and the outbreak of World War II to show that practicing scientists were very active in writing about their work for a general readership. Science for All argues that the social environment of early twentieth-century Britain created a substantial market for science books and magazines aimed at those who had benefited from better secondary education but could not access higher learning. Scientists found it easy and profitable to write for this audience, Bowler reveals, and because their work was seen as educational, they faced no hostility from their peers. But when admission to colleges and universities became more accessible in the 1960s, this market diminished and professional scientists began to lose interest in writing at the nonspecialist level.
Eagerly anticipated by scholars of scientific engagement throughout the ages, Science for All sheds light on our own era and the continuing tension between science and public understanding.
List of Illustrations
A Note about Money
Introduction: Scientists, Experts, and the Public
Part I : Topics and Themes in Popular Science
Rival Ideologies of Science
The Big Picture
Practical Knowledge for All
Part II : Publishers and Their Publications
Creating an Audience
Bestsellers on Big Issues
Encyclopedias and Serial Publications
Popular Science Magazines
Science for the General Public
Part III : The Authors
Scientists and Other Experts
Epilogue: The 1950s and After
Appendix: Biographical Register