The Making of an American Philosopher
The child of a pair of leftist writers who worried that their precocious son “wasn’t rebellious enough,” Rorty enrolled at the University of Chicago at the age of fifteen. There he came under the tutelage of polymath Richard McKeon, whose catholic approach to philosophical systems would profoundly influence Rorty’s own thought. Doctoral work at Yale led to Rorty’s landing a job at Princeton, where his colleagues were primarily analytic philosophers. With a series of publications in the 1960s, Rorty quickly established himself as a strong thinker in that tradition—but by the late 1970s Rorty had eschewed the idea of objective truth altogether, urging philosophers to take a “relaxed attitude” toward the question of logical rigor. Drawing on the pragmatism of John Dewey, he argued that philosophers should instead open themselves up to multiple methods of thought and sources of knowledge—an approach that would culminate in the publication of Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature, one of the most seminal and controversial philosophical works of our time.
In clear and compelling fashion, Gross sets that surprising shift in Rorty’s thought in the context of his life and social experiences, revealing the many disparate influences that contribute to the making of knowledge. As much a book about the growth of ideas as it is a biography of a philosopher, Richard Rorty will provide readers with a fresh understanding of both the man and the course of twentieth-century thought.
“More than an exhaustively researched and skillfully crafted biography of one of the most influential intellectuals of our time, Neil Gross’s Richard Rorty is also an exemplary exercise in the ‘new sociology of ideas.’ By situating Rorty in the multiple contexts, personal, institutional, and discursive, in which his thought developed, and tracing the intellectual self-concept he forged in response, Gross provides a compelling model for twenty-first-century intellectual history.”
“The contemporary American philosopher Richard Rorty (1931–2007) was the epitome of a successful academic—educated and then employed a prestigious institutions, he saw his influence extend into sociology, cultural studies, and literary criticism. Harvard assistant professor Gross concentrates on Rorty’s professional successes in academia and sends a discouraging message to both the graduate student and the academy. Using Rorty’s career as a case study, Gross observes the ‘social hierarchy’ among disciplines and notes that academics are largely motivated by desires for intellectual prestige, that ‘radical intellectual innovation is most likely to come, not from young scholars, but from those who are sufficiently established as to be able to take bold professional risks,’ and that ‘aspiring intellectuals compete with one another for the limited attention of mentors.’ Citing the case of Rorty’s first wife, Amelie—who was also trained as a philosopher, but was repeatedly forced to sacrifice her career for Rorty’s—Gross illuminates the unequal opportunities for the ambitious wives of male intellectuals. The book’s subtle yet scathing critique of the tenure and promotion systems within universities reveals how such systems actually inhibit innovation in young scholars. A specialized sociological study of the academy, this book will appeal to all those concerned with the state of research in higher education.”
1 James Rorty
2 Winifred Raushenbush
3 The Hutchins College
4 M.A. in Philosophy, 1949–1952
5 Ph.D. at Yale, 1952–1956
6 Wellesley College, 1958–1961
7 Princeton University, 1961–1965
8 Princeton University, 1965–1982
9 The Theory of Intellectual Self-Concept
10 Rorty Reexamined