Metaphors Dead and Alive, Sleeping and Waking
A Dynamic View
To build this model, Müller presents an overview of notions of metaphor from the classical period to the present; studies in detail how metaphors function in speech, text, gesture, and images; and examines the way mixed metaphors sometimes make sense and sometimes do not. This analysis leads her to conclude that metaphors may oscillate between various degrees of sleeping and waking as their status changes depending on context and intention. Bridging the gap between conceptual metaphor theory and more traditional linguistic theories, this book is a major advance for the field and will be vital to novices and initiates alike.
Typographical Conventions for Transcripts
0.2 Consequences: Sleeping and Waking Metaphors
0.3 Bridging Gaps: Realms of Metaphors in Language Use
0.4 Objective, Scope, and Structure of the Book
1. Metaphors and Cognitive Activity: A Dynamic View
1.2 Metaphors Are Based on a Triadic Structure
1.3 Metaphors Are Modality-Independent
1.4 Metaphors Are a Matter of Use
1.5 Summary: The Dynamic View
2. Metaphors in Thought and Language: Fundamental Issues
2.2 The Nature of Metaphor: Cognitive or Linguistic?
2.3 Conclusion: Establishment and Creation of Metaphoricity Is a Cognitive Process with Multimodal Products
3. Realms of Metaphors: Activation in Language Use
3.1.2 Primary and Complex Conceptual Metaphors
3.1.3 How Are Conceptual Metaphor Systems Activated during Speaking?
3.2.2 Activation of Verbal Metaphors
3.3.2 How Are Verbo-gestural Metaphors Activated during Speaking?
3.4.2 How Are Verbo-pictorial Metaphors Activated during Writing?
4. The Core of Metaphors: The Establishment of a Triadic Structure
4.1 Duality of Meaning
4.2 Triadic Structures in Historical Accounts: Constants and Variants
4.3 Conclusion: Activated Metaphors Establish a Triadic Structure
5. Mixed Metaphors: Selective Activation of Meaning
5.2.2 The Put-on-the-Last Example
5.2.3 The Molting River Example
6. Sleeping and Waking Metaphors: Degrees of Metaphoricity
6.2 The Dead and Alive Assumption: A New Proposal
6.3 Degrees of Metaphoricity and Salience
6.3.2 Verbo-pictorial Metaphors
6.3.3 Verbo-gestural Metaphors
7. The Refutation of the Dead versus Alive Distinction: A New Approach and Some of Its Implications
“Cornelia Müller’s book is original and important in its contents and its scope, clearly making the case that the traditional dichotomy of metaphors as being either ‘dead’ or ‘alive’ is passé. Her multidisciplinary project incorporates research from linguistics, semiotics, philosophy, and psychology and analyzes material from spoken discourse and written texts as well as visual aspects of communication that can accompany them, such as gestures and photographs. This insightful book is thoroughly grounded in the history of research on metaphor while at the same time being up-to-date on a broad range of current topics.”