Class, Community, and Protest in Paris from 1848 to the Commune
The difference was due to Baron Haussmann's massive urban renovation projects between 1852 and 1868, which dispersed workers from Paris's center to newly annexed districts on the outskirts of the city. In these areas, residence rather than occupation structured social relations. Drawing on evidence from trail documents, marriage records, reports of police spies, and the popular press, Gould demonstrates that this fundamental rearrangement in the patterns of social life made possible a neighborhood insurgent movement; whereas the insurgents of 1848 fought and died in defense of their status as workers, those in 1871 did so as members of a besieged urban community.
A valuable resource for historians and scholars of social movements, this work shows that collective identities vary with political circumstances but are nevertheless constrained by social networks. Gould extends this argument to make sense of other protest movements and to offer predictions about the dimensions of future social conflict.
1: Collective Identities and Social Conflict in Nineteenth-Century France
2: Class Mobilization and the Revolution of 1848
3: Urban Transformations, 1852-70
4: Labor Protest in Paris in the 1860s
5: Public Meetings and Popular Clubs, 1868-70
6: Neighborhood, Class, and the Commune of 1871
Appendix A: Statistical Analyses of June 1848 and Paris Commune Arrests
Appendix B: Methodological Concerns