Genre in Popular Music
The popularity of the motion picture soundtrack O Brother, Where Art Thou? brought an extraordinary amount of attention to bluegrass, but it also drew its share of criticism from some aficionados who felt the album’s inclusion of more modern tracks misrepresented the genre. This soundtrack, these purists argued, wasn’t bluegrass, but “roots music,” a new and, indeed, more overarching category concocted by journalists and marketers. Why is it that popular music genres like these and others are so passionately contested? And how is it that these genres emerge, coalesce, change, and die out?
In Genre in Popular Music, Fabian Holt provides new understanding as to why we debate music categories, and why those terms are unstable and always shifting. To tackle the full complexity of genres in popular music, Holt embarks on a wide-ranging and ambitious collection of case studies. Here he examines not only the different reactions to O Brother, but also the impact of rock and roll’s explosion in the 1950s and 1960s on country music and jazz, and how the jazz and indie music scenes in Chicago have intermingled to expand the borders of their respective genres. Throughout, Holt finds that genres are an integral part of musical culture—fundamental both to musical practice and experience and to the social organization of musical life.
2. Roots and Refigurations
Double Session I: Reactions to Rock
A Model of Genre Transformation
3. Country Music and the Nashville Sound
4. Jazz and Jazz-Rock Fusion
Double Session II: Urban Boundaries
5. Jeff Parker and the Chicago Jazz Scene
6. A Closer Look at Jeff Parker and His Music
7. Music at American Borders
Appendix: The Jeff Parker Discography
“With great creativity and insight, Fabian Holt explores the concept of genre and illustrates its relevance for the politics and aesthetics of popular music. His writing is lively and accessible, and his sophisticated mix of historical and ethnographic approaches puts the complexities of American music into sharp relief and reveals the ways in which ideas of genre shape experiences of music—even, or especially, when performers and listeners cross musical boundaries.”