Cloth $35.00 ISBN: 9780226111810 Published December 2012
Paper $27.50 ISBN: 9780226212050 Will Publish August 2014
E-book $7.00 to $30.00 About E-books ISBN: 9780226111834 Published December 2012

The Earthquake Observers

Disaster Science from Lisbon to Richter

Deborah R. Coen

Deborah R. Coen

360 pages | 14 halftones, 1 line drawing | 6 x 9 | © 2013
Cloth $35.00 ISBN: 9780226111810 Published December 2012
Paper $27.50 ISBN: 9780226212050 Will Publish August 2014
E-book $7.00 to $30.00 About E-books ISBN: 9780226111834 Published December 2012
Earthquakes have taught us much about our planet’s hidden structure and the forces that have shaped it. This knowledge rests not only on the recordings of seismographs but also on the observations of eyewitnesses to destruction. During the nineteenth century, a scientific description of an earthquake was built of stories—stories from as many people in as many situations as possible. Sometimes their stories told of fear and devastation, sometimes of wonder and excitement.
           
In The Earthquake Observers, Deborah R. Coen acquaints readers not only with the century’s most eloquent seismic commentators, including Alexander von Humboldt, Charles Darwin, Mark Twain, Charles Dickens, Karl Kraus, Ernst Mach, John Muir, and William James, but also with countless other citizen-observers, many of whom were women. Coen explains how observing networks transformed an instant of panic and confusion into a field for scientific research, turning earthquakes into natural experiments at the nexus of the physical and human sciences. Seismology abandoned this project of citizen science with the introduction of the Richter Scale in the 1930s, only to revive it in the twenty-first century in the face of new hazards and uncertainties. The Earthquake Observers tells the history of this interrupted dialogue between scientists and citizens about living with environmental risk.
Nature
“Crowd-sourced science has rarely been so thrilling. As Deborah R. Coen reveals, the rumbustious history of seismology began with roving scientists gathering locals’ accounts of shocks, shudders and thumps. Luminaries from Charles Darwin to Alexander von Humboldt reported, too; Charles Dickens likened a quake to a great beast ‘shaking itself and trying to rise.' Coen argues for a hybridized ‘disaster science,' factoring in such responses from ‘human seismographs’ with geology and instrumental data.”
Luciana Astiz, University of California, San Diego | Times Higher Education
“The cleverly ambiguous title of this book plays with the many uncertainties that surround our experience of earthquakes. Just who are these ‘observers’: are they scientists, farmers, or city dwellers? In answering this question, Deborah Coen offers a wealth of information in a book that reads with the appeal of fiction. In ten chapters, from “The Human Seismograph” to “A True Measure of Violence: California 1906–1935”, she spins a compelling yarn of how nineteenth- and early twentieth-century scientists gathered accounts by observers of seismic events that could furnish quantifiable information.”
Gregory C. Beroza | Science
“The book is well written, the documentation meticulous, and the depth of research impressive. At many points in the narrative, I marveled at the extent of the relevant material Coen has unearthed. . . . [F]ascinating.”
David K. Chester, University of Liverpool | Environment and History
“Scholarly and well-written. . . . Highly recommended for both library and private purchase. Deborah Coen is to be congratulated for producing a first class introduction to a much-neglected theme within the history of earthquake science which should appeal, not only to seismologists, but also to historians of science and the hazard research community more generally. This is a successful volume by a highly talented academic writer.”
Carla Nappi | New Books in Science, Technology, and Society
“A fascinating multisited study of the changing nature of material and human instruments through which communities have understood modern disasters.”
T. L. T. Grose, Colorado School of Mines | Choice
“The superb writing in this book is engaging and outstanding for its insight into the human reaction to environmental disturbances. Highly recommended.”
Metascience
“[L]ively. . . . Deborah Coen has offered us an interesting story about how earthquakes affect ordinary people and how their observations were the basis of the early stages of seismology. . . . Coen’s book can help us to consider these human aspects of earthquakes, often forgotten by seismologists.”
Andrew Robinson | Los Angeles Review of Books
The Earthquake Observers is a forceful, well written, and on the whole persuasive—dare I say it, groundbreaking—attempt to inject the importance of eyewitness reports into the history of seismology, chiefly during the 19th and early 20th centuries, concluding with the invention of Richter’s magnitude scale.”
Scott Gabriel Knowles, Drexel University | American Historical Review
“Coen’s important and original new book is a welcome contribution from a scholar capable of showing the deep historical contingencies involved in the early history of seismology, a key modern disaster science at the center of contemporary disaster preparedness.”
Daniel J. Kevles, Yale University
“Deborah R. Coen brings to vivid life the human seismographic networks in four different countries, whose members were a principal source of data about earthquakes before the 1930s. She treats her subject with a capacious interpretive vision, revealing that, in relying on human reports, early earthquake science encompassed not just the measurable movements of the earth but also the human experience of the unsteady ground, including fear and terror. This is a stunningly original work, at once an eye-opening history and an implicit guide to how we might advantageously approach contemporaneous threats of disasters.”

Theodore M. Porter, University of California, Los Angeles
“This superb book enables us to recognize seismology as a human science. Deborah R. Coen shows how earthquakes were assigned magnitudes according to a scale defined by human experience, and how people dispersed across the countryside learned to deploy precisely a language of earthquake description. Most strikingly of all, she situates these observers as active participants in processes of scientific data-gathering that formed the basis for a physics of seismic events and, with it, a scientific culture of democratic public reason.”
Andre Wakefield, Pitzer College

“The disastrous tsunamis and earthquakes of recent years have painfully revealed the shortcomings of seismology as a predictive science. We might be tempted, then, to dream about a high-tech world of seismic laboratories that save us from future cataclysm. But Deborah R. Coen’s compelling story reveals that such dreams, which have their roots in the nineteenth century, are perhaps misguided. She reveals a lost world of everyday earthquake observation in which expert and citizen, scientist and layperson, were bound together by the ties of mutual effort and responsibility. Today, seismologists and the rest of us might want to consider what has been sacrificed. This is not merely a book about the past; it prompts the question: how will society cope with the inevitable natural disasters of the future? Coen’s finely woven story reveals that there have been, and could be, entirely different ways of studying and coping with earthquakes than those we have become accustomed to imagining.”

 

Roger M. W. Musson, British Geological Survey
The Earthquake Observers is more than just a history of seismology: it tells the story of how ideas about earthquakes influenced human culture in the modern era. Deborah R. Coen is as entertaining as she is erudite. This fascinating study should appeal to a wide readership; strongly recommended.”
Contents
Introduction
One     The Human Seismograph
Two     The Planet in the Village: Comrie, Scotland, 1788–1897
Three   News of the Apocalypse
Four     The Tongues of Seismology: Switzerland, 1855–1912
Five      Geographies of Hazard
Six        The Moment of Danger
Seven   Fault Lines and Borderlands: Imperial Austria, 1880–1914
Eight    What Is the Earth?
Nine     The Youngest Land: California, 1853–1906
Ten      A True Measure of Violence: California, 1906–1935
Conclusion
Acknowledgments
Notes
Bibliography
Index

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