Abraham Lincoln and the Forge of National Memory
Schwartz draws on a wide array of materials—painting and sculpture, popular magazines and school textbooks, newspapers and oratory—to examine the role that Lincoln's memory has played in American life. He explains, for example, how dramatic funeral rites elevated Lincoln's reputation even while funeral eulogists questioned his presidential actions, and how his reputation diminished and grew over the next four decades. Schwartz links transformations of Lincoln's image to changes in the society. Commemorating Lincoln helped Americans to think about their country's development from a rural republic to an industrial democracy and to articulate the way economic and political reform, military power, ethnic and race relations, and nationalism enhanced their conception of themselves as one people.
Lincoln's memory assumed a double aspect of "mirror" and "lamp," acting at once as a reflection of the nation's concerns and an illumination of its ideals, and Schwartz offers a fascinating view of these two functions as they were realized in the commemorative symbols of an ever-widening circle of ethnic, religious, political, and regional communities. The first part of a study that will continue through the present, Abraham Lincoln and the Forge of National Memory is the story of how America has shaped its past selectively and imaginatively around images rooted in a real person whose character and achievements helped shape his country's future.
Introduction: Two Faces of Collective Memory
Part One: Nineteenth Century: Symbolizing Nationhood
1: Death and Commemoration
2: Promoting Lincoln in the Late Nineteenth Century: Successes and Failures
Part Two: Twentieth Century: Symbolizing Industrial Democracy
3: Lincoln and the Culture of Progressivism: Democratizing America
4: Lincoln, a Man of the People: Dignifying America
Part Three: Twentieth Century: Symbolizing Unity
5: Lincoln and the Culture of Inclusion: Integrating America
6: Lincoln in World War I: Strengthening America
7: Two Lincolns: Symbolizing America
Conclusion: Two Faces of Collective Memory: Refining the Discussion