Acts of Hope
Creating Authority in Literature, Law, and Politics
In this book, James Boyd White shows how texts by some of our most important thinkers and writers—including Plato, Shakespeare, Dickinson, Mandela, and Lincoln—answer these questions, not in the abstract, but in the way they wrestle with the claims of the world and self in particular historical and cultural contexts. As they define afresh the institutions or practices for which they claim (or resist) authority, they create authorities of their own, in the very modes of thought and expression they employ. They imagine their world anew and transform the languages that give it meaning.
In so doing, White maintains, these works teach us about how to read and judge claims of authority made by others upon us; how to decide to which institutions and practices we should grant authority; and how to create authorities of our own through our thoughts and arguments. Elegant and accessible, this book will appeal to anyone wanting to better understand one of the primary processes of our social and political lives.
I: The Claims of the World on the Self, the Self on the World
1: Plato's CRITO: The Authority of Law and Philosophy
II: Creating a Public World
2: Shakespeare's RICHARD II: Imagining the Modern World
3: Hooker's Preface to the LAWES OF ECCLESIASTICALL POLITIE: Constituting Authority in Argument
4: Hale's "Considerations Touching the Amendment or Alteration of Lawes": Determining the Authority of the Past
5: PLANNED PARENTHOOD v. CASEY: Legal Judgment as an Ethical and Cultural Art
III: The Authority of the Self
6: Austen's MANSFIELD PARK: Making the Self Out of—and Against—the Culture
7: Dickinson's Poetry: Transforming the Authority of Language
IV: Reconstituting Self and World: The Creation of Authority as an Act of Hope
8: Mandela's Speech from the Dock and Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address: Giving Meaning to Life in an Unjust World