Young People Leaving State Care in China

Xiaoyuan Shang and Karen R. Fisher

Young People Leaving State Care in China

Xiaoyuan Shang and Karen R. Fisher

Distributed for Bristol University Press

264 pages | 6 x 9
Cloth $125.00 ISBN: 9781447336693 Published September 2017 For sale in North and South America only
For children who grow up being cared for by the state, rather than their families, in China, the past twenty years has seen a shift: China has gone away from keeping those children in institutions and towards alternative approaches that attempt to honor children’s rights to an inclusive childhood and adulthood. This book reviews the changes in policy and practice that underlie this shift, and, through interviews with young people involved with state care in the period, presents a clear view of how the change in approach has affected individual lives. As this is an issue that all countries struggle with, the lessons on offer here will be of value not just to those working in and studying China but to a broader range of practitioners in child welfare and development.
Contents
List of tables and figures
Glossary and abbreviations
Authors
Acknowledgements
 
one        Introduction to leaving state care in China
              Context of young people leaving care in China
              International framework to understand the problem of leaving state care
              Research approach
              Profiles of young people in care
              Structure of the book
 
two        Children in alternative care
              Children in state care
              Children with disabilities in state care
              Alternative care for children in state guardianship
              Adoption
              Institutional care provided by state child welfare institutions
              Non-governmental child welfare
              Summary about alternative care
 
three     Alternative care practices in child welfare institutions
              Beijing and its districts’ child welfare institutions
              Taiyuan Child Welfare Institution, Shanxi
              Urumqi Child Welfare Institution, Xinjiang
              Nanning Welfare Institution, Guangxi
              Summary of child welfare institution practices
 
four       Leaving care policies
             Overview of welfare transition policies
             Beijing
             Shanxi Province
             Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region
             Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
             Policy directions to support independence in other cities
             Summary of policies about transition from care and other orphaned children
 
five        Social inclusion impact of a childhood in state care
              Positive experiences in childhood
              Negative experiences in childhood
              Summary of experiences of support during childhood
 
six         Self-identity of young people leaving state care
              Formation of identity
              Who am I?
              My position in the community?
              What kind of person do I want to become in the future?
              How can I become the person that I want to be?
              Positive identities
              Conclusion about the identity of young people leaving state care
 
seven    Economic security of young people leaving care
              Policy context for economic independence
              Becoming adults – three forms of income support
              Economic independence through paid employment
              Employed temporarily at the state child welfare institution
              Unemployed and relying on state child welfare institutions
              Other options for economic security in order to leave state care
              Social protection of social exclusion?
              Conclusion about economic security
 
eight      Social networks and the employment of young people leaving care
              Social network framework
              Case study of young people leaving foster care
              Foster parents as strong ties in job search
              Welfare institution strong ties in job introduction and employment
              Acquaintance weak ties in job search
              Building new weak ties
              Implications for policies to support young people leaving care
              Conclusion about social networks and employment
 
nine       Housing pathways of young people leaving care
              Housing and social inclusion
              Housing systems and housing security for young people
              Housing policies for young people leaving care
              Social exclusion and young people’s housing security
              Housing status of young people leaving care
              Impact of housing constraints on social inclusion
              Conclusion about housing security
 
ten         State support for children in informal care
              Policy context of informal care
              Government support for formal and informal alternative care
              Impact of informal care on social inclusion
              Challenges of transition for young people leaving informal care
              Conclusion about informal foster care
 
eleven  Growing up in institutional family group care
              Approach to alternative care at the institution
              Self-identity
              Characteristics of growing up in family group care
              Challenges of the transition from family group care
              Conclusion about family group care
 
twelve  Policy implications for young people leaving care in China
             Experiences of young people leaving care
             Policies to support leaving care
 
References
Appendix: Characteristics of young people participating in the research
Index
 
Review Quotes
Kinglun Ngok, Centre for Public Administration Research, Sun Yat-Sen University
"This book provides us with intriguing stories of Chinese orphans in their adulthood. It also offers a telling argument for changing practices to ensure a better future for children in state care."
For more information, or to order this book, please visit https://www.press.uchicago.edu
Google preview here

Chicago Manual of Style

RSS Feed

RSS feed of the latest books from Bristol University Press. RSS Feed