Youth crime and youth justice

Public opinion in England and Wales

Mike Hough and Julian V. Roberts

Youth crime and youth justice

Mike Hough and Julian V. Roberts

Distributed for Bristol University Press

80 pages | 6.69 x 9.65
Paperback $25.95 ISBN: 9781861346490 Published November 2004 For sale in North and South America only
This report presents the findings from the first national, representative survey of public attitudes to youth crime and youth justice in England and Wales. It carries clear policy implications in relation to both public education and reform of the youth justice system.
Chapter 1: Introduction: Previous research
The present study
The survey
Outline of the report

Chapter 2: Crime by young offenders: Few people identify youth crime as the single most important crime problem today
Most people believe that the number of young offenders has been increasing
Drug crimes perceived to be increasing at fastest rate
People over-estimate the proportion of crime for which young offenders are responsible
Many people over-estimate the percentage of youth crime involving violence
Almost half the polled public thinks that there is more youth crime in Britain than other Western nations
Most people over-estimate the proportion of young offenders who are reconvicted
Most people see youth today as less respectful than previous generations

Chapter 3: The youth justice system: People favour different crime reduction strategies for youth and adults
Purposes of sentencing
Public ascribe different purposes to sentencing young and adult offenders
Purpose of prison for young and adult offenders
The new system of youth justice: an unnoticed reform
Ratings and perceptions of youth courts: negative ratings persist
Youth court sentences perceived to be too lenient
Perceptions of leniency linked to evaluations of youth courts

Chapter 4: Sentencing preferences in specific cases: Sentencing preferences and expectations of sentencing practices
Restorative sentencing and young offenders
Support for imprisoning young offender falls when restorative gestures made
Acceptability of substitute sanctions
Public find alternative sanctions to constitute acceptable alternative to prison
Testing the 'substitute sanction' hypothesis in other jurisdictions
Leading questions?
Perceptions of restorative sentences
Relationship between general views of sentencing and evaluations of specific sentence
Effect of making costs salient

Chapter 5: Conclusions: Lessons for policy
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