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Technology and the West

A Historical Anthology from Technology and Culture

This broad-ranging anthology provides a condensed overview of technology in Western civilization. Its twenty-one carefully selected articles and overview essays demonstrate the complex relationship between technological and social change from antiquity to the present. Specific topics include the origins of contemporary social and political institutions in the irrigation civilizations of antiquity, technology and the military, popular perceptions of the early industrial revolution in Europe, the difference between invention and innovation, the role of government in the development of technology, the nature of technical expertise, and nuclear power and the environment.

General readers and students will find this collection accessible and engaging.

448 pages | 6 x 9 | © 1997

History: General History, History of Technology

Table of Contents

Introduction by Terry S. Reynolds, Stephen H. Cutcliffe.
Overview: Technology and History: "Kranzberg’s Laws"
Melvin Kranzberg
Technology and the West Through Britain’s Industrial Revolution (To Ca. 1850)
Technology in the Preindustrial West
Terry S. Reynolds, Stephen H. Cutcliffe.
The First Technological Revolution and Its Lessons
Peter F. Drucker
Greek Catapults and Catapult Technology: Science, Technology, and War in the Ancient World
Barton C. Hacker
The Technical Act: The Act of Invention: Causes, Contexts, Continuities and Consequences
Lynn White, Jr
Air Pollution and Fuel Crises in Preindustrial London, 1250-1650
William H. Te Brake
The Replacement of the Longbow by Firearms in the English Army
Thomas Esper
On the Social Explanation of Technical Change: The Case of the Portuguese Maritime Expansion
John Law
Muskets and Pendulums: Benjamin Robins, Leonhard Euler, and the Ballistics Revolution
Brett D. Steele
The Philosophy of Luddism: The Case of the West of England Woolen Workers, ca. 1790-1809
Adrian J. Randall
Roads, Railways, and Canals: Technical Choices in 19th-Century Britain
Francis T. Evans
The Expansion and Diffusion of Western Industrial Technology (Ca. 1850 to Present)
Technology and the Industrial West
Terry S. Reynolds, Stephen H. Cutcliffe.
Economic Development and the Transfer in Technology: Some Historical Perspectives
Nathan Rosenberg
The Weapons of the West: Military Technology and Modernization in 19th-Century China and Japan
Barton C. Hacker
The "Industrial Revolution" in the Home: Household Technology and Social Change in the 20th Century
Ruth Schwartz Cowan
The Development of the Diesel Engine
Lynwood Bryant
The Emergence of Basic Research in the Bell Telephone System, 1875-1915
Lillian Hoddeson
Flexibility and Mass Production at War: Aircraft Manufacture in Britain, the United States, and Germany, 1939-1945
Jonathan Zeitlin
Spage-Age Europe: Gaullism, Euro-Gaullism, and the American Dilemma
Walter A. McDougall
Nuclear Power and the Environment: The Atomic Energy Commission and Thermal Pollution, 1965-1971
J. Samuel Walker

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