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Distributed for University of British Columbia Press

Reassessing the Rogue Tory

Canadian Foreign Relations in the Diefenbaker Era

Distributed for University of British Columbia Press

Reassessing the Rogue Tory

Canadian Foreign Relations in the Diefenbaker Era

The years when John Diefenbaker’s Progressive Conservatives were in office were among the most tumultuous in Canadian history. This book provides a fresh assessment of foreign policy in the Diefenbaker era to determine whether its failures can be attributed to the prime minister’s personality traits, particularly his indecisiveness, or to broader shifts in world affairs. Written by leading scholars who mine new sources of archival research, the chapters examine the full range of international issues that confronted the Diefenbaker government and probe the factors that led to success or failure and decision or indecision. This fascinating reconsideration of the Diefenbaker years challenges readers to push beyond the conventional and reassess the “Rogue Tory’s” record with fresh eyes.

316 pages

Table of Contents

Introduction / Janice Cavell

Part 1: The Commonwealth

1 A New Vision for the Commonwealth: Diefenbaker’s Commonwealth Tour of 1958 / Francine McKenzie

2 Different Leader, Different Paths: Diefenbaker and the British, 1957–63 / Norman Hillmer

Part 2: Canadian-American Relations

3 The Spirit of ’56: The Suez Crisis, Anti-Americanism, and Diefenbaker’s 1957 and 1958 Election Victories / Janice Cavell

4 When the Chips Are Down: Eisenhower, Diefenbaker, and the Lebanon Crisis, 1958 / Greg Donaghy

5 The Problem Child: Diefenbaker and Canada in the Language of the Kennedy Administration / Stephen Azzi

Part 3: Nuclear Weapons

6 The Defence Dilemma, 1957–63: Reconsidering the Strategic, Technological, and Operational Contexts / Isabel Campbell

7 “I Would Rather Be Right”: Diefenbaker and Canadian Disarmament Movements / Nicole Marion

Part 4: The Developing World

8 A Limited Engagement: Diefenbaker, Canada, and Latin America’s Cold War, 1957–63 / Asa McKercher

9 The Diefenbaker Government and Foreign Policy in Africa / Kevin A. Spooner

10 Tilting the Balance: Diefenbaker and Asia, 1957–63 / Jill Campbell-Miller, Michael Carroll, and Greg Donaghy

11 The Winds of Change: Ellen Fairclough and the Removal of Discriminatory Immigration Barriers / Robert Vineberg

Part 5: The Role of the Foreign Minister

12 Sidney Smith, Howard Green, and the Conduct of Canadian Foreign Policy during the Diefenbaker Government, 1957–63 / Michael D. Stevenson

Part 6: The End of the Diefenbaker Era

13 A Complex Reckoning: A Personal Reflection on the 1963 Election / Hugh Segal

Conclusion / Ryan M. Touhey

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