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Distributed for Leiden University Press

A Place of Placelessness

Hekeng People’s Heritage

Tulou, the traditional fortified multifamily dwellings prevalent in southern Fujian, China, are the focus of this three-pronged biography of environments in the Hekeng River Valley. This book explores every aspect of the historical settlement environments surrounding a tulou, incorporating oral histories and interviews to create a complete picture of the cultural, architectural, agricultural, and economic influences that build up these lineage societies. Highlighted also are the tensions between political systems and families in keeping these heritage sites alive.

184 pages | 35 color plates, 5 maps | 8 x 10 1/2

Archaeological Studies Leiden University


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Table of Contents

1 The Zhang Lineage and their Hekeng Tulou Settlements
                1.1 Hekeng People, the Hakka Newcomers
                1.2 The ‘Hakka Tulou’ and Early Hakka Settlements with no Tulou Buildings
                1.3 Limitations to Tulou Site Interpretation
                1.4 How Has the Landscape Evolved into its Present Form?
2 Hekeng: a Place Swamped by Regulations
                2.1 Modifications to the Existing Built Environment 2006 to 2007
                2.2 Hekeng Tulou Buildings as Architectural Exhibits
                2.3 The Creation of the Hekeng Tulou Heritage: a Regulated Place
2.4 The Legitimacy of ‘Overregulated Places’ in the Chinese Land Resource Management Framework: a Broader View
3 Hekeng: a Place of ‘Placelessness’
                3.1 The Local People’s Place and the Represented Place
                3.2 Spatial Metabolization and the Creation of Insideness over Time
                3.3 Built Environment Metabolism and the Loss of Insideness
                3.4 Place Detachment and Heritage Resistance
                3.5 Heritage-Making Processes
                3.6 A Place of Placelessness
4 Heritage Site: a Place of Cultural Resource Game
                4.1 Brand Awareness, Bureaucratic Reciprocity and Land Disputes
                4.2 The Game Players, their Bargaining Chips and their Roles
                4.3 Heritage Site as a Place of Cultural Resource Game
                4.4 Duties, Rights and Compensations in the Heritage Game
5 Suggestions
                5.1 Suggestions for Managing the Hekeng Tulou Heritage Site
                5.2 Processual Integrity as an Opportunity to Revitalize Hakka Historical Spaces
                5.3 Amendments to Laws and Regulations Legitimizing Preservation Land-Use in Rural China
5.4 Agreement on Regulating the Rights and Duties between Tourism Developers and the Local Collective and Individual Stakeholders
5.5 Safeguarding the Heritage in Use
5.6 Amendments to WH Enlisting and Delisting Criteria
5.7 Systemization of Historical Village Management and Cultural Resource Stratification
5.8 Architectural Mazintenance Guidance
5.9 A Short Conclusion
Character List

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