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Osiris, Volume 14

Commemorative Practices in Science: Historical Perspectives on the Politics of Collective Memory

Osiris, Volume 14

Commemorative Practices in Science: Historical Perspectives on the Politics of Collective Memory

This volume breaks new ground in the study of how national culture, disciplinary tradition, epistemological choice, and political expediency affect the construction of collective memory and, then, how historians work with—and sometimes against—those constructions. Essays focus on a variety of commemorative rites, ranging from the quincentennial of Copernicus to the centennials of Pasteur, Darwin, and Planck; from the tercentenary of Harvard to the half centennial of Los Alamos; from the centennial of evolutionary theory to anniversaries of research schools in molecular biology.

Contributors include Clark A. Elliott, Owen Gingerich, Dieter Hoffmann, Dominque Pestre, Robert W. Seidel, and V. Betty Smocovitis.

270 pages | 6.75 x 10 | © 1999

Osiris

History of Science

Philosophy of Science

Table of Contents

CHARLES S. MAIER: Preface
PNINA ABIR-AM: Introduction

PART I: COMMEMORATING GREAT MINDS: SCIENTISTS AS CULTURAL HEROES

OWEN GINGERICH: The Copernican Quinquecentennial and its Predecessors:
Historical Insights and National Agendas


CHRISTIANE SINDING: Claude Bernard and Louis Pasteur:
Contrasting Images through Public Commemorations


JOY HARVEY: A Focal Point for Feminism, Politics, and Science in France:
The Clémence Royer Centennial Celebration of 1930

DANIELA S. BARBERIS: Changing Practices of Commemoration in Neurology:
Comparing Charcot’s 1925 and 1993 Centennials

GEORGE E. HADDAD: Medicine and the Culture of Commemoration: Representing Robert Koch’s Discovery of the Tubercle Bacillus


DIETER HOFFMANN: The Divided Centennial: The 1958 Max Planck Celebration(s) in Berlin


PART II: COMMEMORATING SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTIONS: THE RE/PRODUCTION SITES OF
SCIENTIFIC PROGRESS

CLARK A. ELLIOTT: The Tercentenary of Harvard University in 1936: The Scientific Dimension

STANLEY GOLDBERG: The Enola Gay Affair: What Evidence Counts When We Commemorate Historical Events?

ROBERT W. SEIDEL: The Golden Jubilees of Lawrence Berkeley and Los Alamos National Laboratories

DOMINIQUE PESTRE: Commemorative Practices at CERN: Between Physicists’ Memories and Historians’ Narratives


PART III: COMMEMORATING SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINES: MEMORIALIZING OBJECTIVITY

LILIANE BEAULIEU: Bourbaki’s Art of Memory

MARA BELLER: Jocular Commemorations: The Copenhagen Spirit

VASSILIKI BETTY SMOCOVITIS: The 1959 Darwin Centennial Celebration in America


PNINA G. ABIR AM: The First American and French Commemorations in Molecular Biology: From Collective Memory to Comparative History

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