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Osiris, Volume 20

Politics and Science in Wartime: Comparative International Perspectives on the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute

Osiris, Volume 20

Politics and Science in Wartime: Comparative International Perspectives on the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute

Politics and Science in Wartime brings together a team of internationally known scholars who compare science and its practices in the Third Reich to that in other wartime nations. Their nuanced conclusions on topics ranging from scientific mobilization and purges to the ethics of scientific practice offer new perspectives on science under extreme political conditions.

288 pages | 6 3/4 x 10

Osiris

History of Science

Table of Contents

CAROLA SACHSE AND MARK WALKER: Introduction: A Comparative Perspective
THE SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY
RICHARD BEYLER, ALEXEI KOJEVNIKOV, AND JESSICA WANG: Purges in Comparative Perspective: Rules for Exclusion and Inclusion in the Scientific Community under Political Pressure
RONALD E. DOEL, DIETER HOFFMANN, AND NIKOLAI KREMENTSOV: National States and International Science: A Comparative History of International Science Congresses in Hitler’s Germany, Stalin’s Russia, and Cold War United States
DEFENSE AND WAR
WALTER E. GRUNDEN, YUTAKA KAWAMURA, EDUARD KOLCHINSKY, HELMUT MAIER, AND MASAKATSU YAMAZAKI: Laying the Foundation for Wartime Research: A Comparative Overview of Science Mobilization in National Socialist Germany, Japan, and the Soviet Union
WALTER E. GRUNDEN, MARK WALKER, AND MASAKATSU YAMAZAKI: Wartime Nuclear Weapons Research in Germany and Japan
MORITZ EPPLE, ANDREAS KARACHALIOS, AND VOLKER R. REMMERT: Aerodynamics and Mathematics in National Socialist Germany and Fascist Italy: A Comparison of Research Institutes
RESOURCES FOR THE NATION
OLGA ELINA, SUSANNE HEIM, AND NILS ROLL-HANSEN: Plant Breeding on the Front: Imperialism, War, and Exploitation
JEAN-PAUL GAUDILLIÈRE ADN BERND GAUSEMEIER: Molding National Research Systems: The Introduction of Penicillin to Germany and France
SCIENCE WITHOUT MORAL BOUNDARIES
GERHARD BAADER, SUSAN E. LEDERER, MORRIS LOW, FLORIAN SCHMALTZ, AND ALEXANDER V. SCHWERIN: Pathways to Human Experimentation, 1933-1945: Germany, Japan, and the United States
MARK B. ADASM, GARLAND E. ALLEN, AND SHEILA FAITH WEISS: Human Heredity and Politics: A Comparative International Study of the Eugenics Record Office at Cold Spring Harbor (United States), the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity, and Eugenics (Germany), and the Maxim Gorky Medical Genetics Institute (USSR)
HANS JAKOB RITTER AND VOLKER ROELCKE: Psychiatric Genetics in Munich and Basel between 1925 and 1945: Programs - Practices - Comparative Arrangements
NOTES ON CONTRIBUTORS
INDEX

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