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Distributed for Leiden University Press

The Island of Skyros from Late Roman to Early Modern Times

An Archaeological Survey

Archaeology in the Aegean region has mainly focused on the prehistoric and Greco-Roman periods, which has left us with relatively little knowledge of human activity in the area in the medieval period. Meanwhile, the archaeological research that has been conducted there has tended to deal primarily with art and architecture. This volume aims to fill that gap, using the ancient past as a background against which to examine continuity and change on the island of Skyros from the late Roman period onwards.

476 pages | illustrated in color throughout | 8 x 10 1/2 | © 2015

Archaeological Studies Leiden University


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Table of Contents

Part 1. Background and Historical Data
  1. Natural Environment
  2. Historical Outline
  3. Historical Sources for Ottoman Skyros
    1. The travellers’ accounts
    2. The local historical archive
    3. The Ottoman tax registers
    4. Evidence extracted from the aforementioned sources
      1. Administration
      2. Population
      3. Economy and production
  4. Previous Archaeological and Historical Research
Part 2. The Archeaological Survey: Methodology and Comparisons
  1. The Skyros survey: a site-based intensive and extensive survey
    1. Regional scope
    2. Chronological frame of the survey
    3. Survey design
    4. Site definition
    5. Site density: some comparative data
  2. Methods for the Intensive survey
    1. Field-walking procedure
    2. On-site densities: some comparative data
    3. Some notes on the background densities
    4. Sample fraction
  3. Methods for the Extensive Survey          
Part 3.
  1. Analysis of the Intensively Surveyed Sites
    1. Site 22 (S22)- Kareflou
    2. Site 23 (S24)- Chora
    3. Site 24 (S24)- Polichri
    4. Site 33 (S33)- Markesi
    5. Site 36 (S36)- Dianemos
    6. Site 44 (S44)- Aliko
    7. Site 48 (S48)- Ayos Fokas
    8. Site 55 (S55)- Lino
    9. Site 64 (S64)-Ayia Anna
    10. Site 65 (S65)- Kalamitsa
    11. Site 67 (S67)- Sklouka
    12. Site 68 (S68)- Soteras
    13. Site 70 (S70)- Dhounia
    14. Site 75 (S75)- Kolimbada- Mouchala
    15. Site 80 (S80)- Mesadi
    16. Site 87 (S87)- Ari
  2. The long-term urban centre of Skyros- Chora (S01)
    1. Prehistoric and early Iron Age data
    2. Classical- Hellenistic data
    3. Roman- Late Roman data
    4. Post-Roman data
      1. The castle
      2. Description of the architectural remains of the castle
      3. The ceramic finds of the castle
      4. The extramural settlement
Part 4. Interpretational Synthesis
  1. Greco- Roman Skyros
    1. Settlement pattern and territorial behavior
    2. The towers of Skyros
    3. The Roman marble quarries
  2. Skyros in the Late Antique and Early Middle Ages (4th-mid 9th c. AD)
    1. Introduction
    2. Settlement pattern
    3. Per century speculation
    4. Domestic material culture: pottery
      1. Aegean imports
      2. Black Sea/Aegean imports
      3. Eastern Mediterranean imports
      4. African imports
      5. Intra-regional distribution of ceramic patterns
    5. Other material evidence: the early Christian architectural sculptures
    6. Summary- concluding remarks
  3. Mid to Late Byzantine/Frankish- Venetian Skyros (mid 9th c.- 1538 AD)
    1. Settlement pattern
    2. Ecclesiastical architecture
      1. Typology
      2. Constructional elements
      3. The architectural sculptures
    3. Domestic material culture: pottery
      1. Identified fine table wares
      2. Unidentified fine table wares
      3. Unidentified plain table wares
      4. Kitchen wares
      5. Identified transport/storage vessels
      6. Transport/storage vessels of unidentified type/origin
      7. Intra-regional distribution of ceramic types
    4. Summary- concluding remarks
  4. Ottoman and Early Modern Skyros (1538- 1950 AD)
    1. Settlement pattern
    2. Vernacular architecture
      1. The Ottoman type house
      2. The Early Modern mansions (archontika)
      3. The semi-permanent shelters of the countryside (konakia)
    3. Ecclesiastical architecture
      1. Typology
      2. Constructional elements
    4. Domestic material culture: introduction
    5. Domestic material culture: pottery
      1. Western imports
      2. Eastern imports
      3. Greek imports
      4. Local pottery production
      5. Ceramic of unidentified origin
    6. Domestic material culture: glass
    7. Domestic material culture: metallic objects
      1. Table wares
      2. Cooking wares and food containers
      3. Other domestic vessels
    8. Domestic material culture: furniture
    9. Domestic material culture: costumes
      1. Male costumes
      2. The female costumes
      3. How Skyrian are the Skyrian costumes? Local craft and Mediterranean imports
      4. Chronology of the Skyrian costume
    10. Summary- concluding remarks
  5. General Conclusions
    1. Settlement system
    2. Connections- Skyros in a broad context

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