Health and Society in Twentieth-Century Wales

Edited by Pamela Michael and Charles Webster

Health and Society in Twentieth-Century Wales

Edited by Pamela Michael and Charles Webster

Distributed for University of Wales Press

Contributers include Dr H. Glynne Roberts, Dr Steven Thompson, Dr Mari Williams, Dr Kate Fisher, Professor Paul Weindling, Katherine Williams, Professor Gareth Williams, Professor Charles Webster, Dr Julian Tudor Hart, Dr Martin Powell, John Wyn Owen, Neil Evans, Pamela Michael.
332 pages | 8 3/5 x 5 2/5 | © 2006
Cloth $74.95 ISBN: 9780708319086 Published July 2006 For sale in North and South America, Australia, and New Zealand only

This book offers an illuminating introduction to many aspects of health and society in twentieth-century Wales, ranging from public health to personal lifestyles and household budgets, birth control and the incidence of deaths from child-birth. Chapters variously feature the life of an eminent doctor and refugee doctors who came to Wales, and describe the training of nurses, under the close supervision of matron, in a district hospital in north Wales.

The book analyses changes both from above and below. Drawing on newly released official government papers, the official historian of the NHS reveals the full extent of the negotiations which preceded the devolution of health administration powers to the Welsh Office in 1969. The former Director of NHS Wales explains how Wales began to forge its own independent approach to health service matters, pioneering innovations which were subsequently adopted elsewhere in the UK. A retired general practitioner offers his view, from below, of the health problems and inadequate services in Wales.

Finally, a sociologist and a social policy analyst each provide a wider picture and offer a framework which will enable the reader to appreciate the distinctiveness of Wales’s own story of health and the health service in the twentieth century.



Notes on contributors

An Overview of the History of Health and Medicine in Wales

      Pamela Michael

1.Sickness and Health in Caernafonshire, 1870-1939

      Glynne Roberts

2. ‘Sea Wall against Disease’: Port Health in Cardiff, 1850-1950

      Neil Evans

3. Unemployment, Poverty and Women’s Health in Inter-war South Wales

      Steven Thompson
4. ’The Growing Toll of Motherhood’: Maternal Mortality in Wales, 1918-1939
      Mari A. Williams

5. ‘Teach the Miners Birth Control’: The Delivery of Contraceptive Advice in South Wales, 1918-1950

      Kate Fisher

6. Nurse Training in the Caernarvon and Anglesey Hospital 1935-1949

      Katherine Williams

7. The Jewish Medical Refugee Crisis and Wales, 1933-1945

      Paul Weindling

8. Part I: Dr Julian Tudor Hart: A Profile

      Pamela Michael
8. Part II: Storming the Citadel: From Romantic Fiction to Effective Reality
      Julian Tudor Hart

9. What was Wales? Towards a Contextual Approach to Medical History

      Martin Powell

10. Devolution and the Health Service in Wales, 1919-1969

      Charles Webster

11. Change the Welsh Way: Health and the NHS, 1984-1994

      John Wyn Owen

12. History is What You Live: Understanding Health Inequalities in Wales

      Gareth Williams


Review Quotes
Huw Edwards | Planet

“An excellent synopsis of the recent history of medicine in Wales. Charles Webster gives a detailed and fascinating account of the tortuous way in which a measure of devolution was achieved in the 1960’s. This book is both varied and stimulating and it deserves to have a wide readership. It also gives us an indication of the many gaps in our knowledge which need to be filled.”Huw Edwards, Planet, Issue 181

Linda Bryder

“This volume will undoubtedly become the new authoritative source on medical history in Wales . . . the diversity of topics and approaches were stimulating and engaging . . . The book most certainly breaks new ground.” –Dr Linda Bryder, University of Auckland, New Zealand

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