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Hebelstabwerke / Reciprocal Frameworks

Tradition and Innovation

A reciprocal framework in architecture is a construction where a building’s weight is held not through a single post or beam, but through an interaction of mutually supportive, interwoven members. Reciprocal frameworks have been in use for hundreds of years—including in the work of such Renaissance masters as Leonardo—but, while they are still used today, they are not particularly well known. This book delves into the history and function of reciprocal frameworks, showing not only how they work but also how newly available digital tools can help architects fruitfully expand their use well beyond current applications.

232 pages | 91 color plates, 143 halftones | 9 x 10 | © 2015

Architecture: European Architecture

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Table of Contents

Foreword—Annette Spiro

1. History of the Reciprocal Framework
Timber Scarcity
Transport and Assembly
Aesthetics of the Principle
Flat Vaults
Structure and Space
Tradition and Innovation
New Technologies
Current State of Research

2. Characteristics
Minimum Configurations and Their Addition
Construction Types
Structural Behaviour
Spatial Closure

3. The Form-Fining Instrument
Cell Structure
Connecting Lines
Form Finding
Manipulation of the Drawing

4. Research-based Learning
Learning through Research 1: Seminar Week
Learning through Research 2: Optional Course: Dome in the Werner Oechslin Library, Einsiedeln 
Experiment 1: Dome in the Werner Oechslin Library, Einsiedeln
Experiment 2: Pavilion HIL, ETH Zurich
Experiment 3: Pergola Science City, ETH Zurich
Experiment 4: Pergola Villa Hatt, Zurich
Experiment 5: Pavilion Piazza, ETH Zurich 

5. Conversation with the Engineer Tadashi Hamauzu
Summary and Outlook

Seminar and Participants
Image Credits
Reciprocal Frameworks: Experts and Buildings 

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