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A Modern History

Gibraltar’s strategic position at the mouth of the Mediterranean virtually guaranteed that its history would be filled with military and political conflict, and for centuries, it was, as the Rock was fought over by Rome and Carthage, Spain and the Moors, before finally coming under lasting British control in 1704. Gibraltar: A Modern History tells the story of the island and its people from that point, showing how an authentic Gibraltarian community arose as the British Empire first grew, then declined. Drawing on and enhancing recent scholarship on the Rock’s history by bringing together extensive archival research and developments in the secondary literature surrounding British Gibraltar, this first twenty-first-century treatment of the Rock’s history will not only augment but in many ways replace older treatments of Gibraltar’s history.

224 pages | 1 map | 5 1/2 x 8 1/2 | © 2012

History: European History

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“Grocott and Stockey offer a thoughtful, in-depth evaluation of the social, political, and economic development of this once-crucial strategic location. The monograph is well written and intelligently organized, which makes for an easily understandable and entertaining read. . . . One of the book’s greatest strengths is its expert handling of the complicated history and relationships between Spain, Great Britain, and Gibraltar. The authors convincingly argue that Francisco Franco’s efforts to incorporate Gibraltar encouraged the development of a Gibraltarian identity that was and remains distinct from both Spain and England. The monograph provides a lens for examining some of the most important issues of the modern state through the prism of the rich and often neglected history of Gibraltar. Recommended.”

J. Rankin, East Tennessee State University | Choice

“A succinct, smoothly written, and seriously researched study of the civilian history of Gibraltar from 1704. The book contains much that is original and persuasive about economic development; about social difference, social class, and industrial relations; about Spanish as well as British influences on the community; and about the causes and pace of constitutional change. It demonstrates how a distinctive Gibraltarian identity was also prompted latterly by such contingent events as the Second World War, the ending of Empire, and Franco’s disruption of what had previously been Gibraltar’s largely open frontier with Spain.”

Stephen Constantine, University of Lancaster

Table of Contents


1. Gibraltar as British Fortress, 1704–1783
2. Trading Outpost and Naval Base, 1783–1906
3. Emergence of a Civilian Community, c.1865-1954
4. Relations with Spain, 1704–1969
5.Gibraltar and the Gibraltarians, 1954 to the present

Bibliographical note
Appendix: Article X of the Treaty of Utrecht (1713)

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