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Distributed for University of British Columbia Press

Ecology of Salmonids in Estuaries around the World

Adaptations, Habitats, and Conservation

Biologists have long marvelled at how anadromous salmonids – fish that pass from rivers into oceans and back – survive as they migrate between these two very different environments. Yet, relatively little is understood about what happens to salmonids in the estuaries where they make this transition from fresh to salt water. This book distills the current knowledge of how eighteen salmonid species around the world (including salmon, steelhead, char, and trout) are adapted to estuaries. It discusses why the waters where rivers and oceans meet are critical to salmonid survival and how these vital habitats can be preserved and recovered.

388 pages


Table of Contents

Preface

1 Why a Focus on Salmonids in Estuaries?

2 What Salmonids and Estuaries to Consider

3 Salmonid’s-Eye View of the Estuary: Physical, Chemical, and Geological Aspects

4 What Habitats are Used by Salmonids in Estuaries?

5 Global Distribution of Salmonid Species and Local Salmonid Diversity in Estuaries

6 How Have Salmonid Abundance and Distribution Been Assessed in Estuaries?

7 How Do Salmonids Behave in Estuary Habitat?

8 Salmonid Growth in the Estuary

9 Smolting and Osmoregulation

10 Habitat-Based Food Webs Supporting Salmonids in the Natural Estuary

11 Biotic Interactions in the Natural Estuary

12 How Have Habitat and Water Properties Changed for Salmonids in Estuaries?

13 Salmonid Survival in Estuaries

14 Effects of Habitat and Community Change on Fitness Components for Survival in the Disrupted Estuary

15 Harvesting and Production of Salmonids and Other Ecosystem Services Provided by the Estuary

16 Health of Salmonids in Estuaries

17 What Shapes an Estuary for Salmonids?

18 Future Considerations for Conservation of Salmonids in Estuaries

19 Conclusion

Glossary; References; Index

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