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The Engineer in America

A Historical Anthology from Technology and Culture

With some two million practitioners, engineers form one of America’s largest professional groups; indeed, it is the single largest occupation of American males today. The rise of this profession and its place in American society provide the focus for this anthology.

Spanning two centuries and the various subdisciplines of the field, these essays demonstrate the paradoxical role engineers have played in building (although usually not controlling) the infrastructure on which America’s prosperity is based. This collection of seventeen essays traces the rise of the engineering profession and its evolving contribution to the development of America’s material and economic success. Topics addressed include:

*American engineering’s birth from European traditions
*Impact of science on engineering practice
*Changing relationship between engineers and bureaucratic organizations
*Growth of engineering professional institutions

Thoughtfully organized and unique in its scope, this volume will be a welcome overview for both students and scholars of the history of technology.

These essays were originally published in the journal Technology and Culture.

440 pages | 6 x 9 | © 1991

History: American History, History of Technology

History of Science

Table of Contents

Introduction by Terry S. Reynolds
Part I: The Engineer and Engineering in 19th-Century America
The engineer in 19th-Century America by Terry S. Reynolds
Engineers Are People by John B. Rae
Turnpike Construction in Antebellum Virginia by Robert F. Hunter
Raising and Watering a City: Ellis Sylvester Chesbrough and Chicago’s First Sanitation System by Louis P. Cain
Andrew A. Humphreys and the Development of Hydraulic Engineering: Politics and Technology in the Army Corps of Engineers, 1850-1950 by Martin Reuss
Engineers and the New South Creed: The Formation and Early Development of Georgia Tech by James E. Brittain and Robert C. McMath, Jr.
At the Turn of a Screw: William Sellers, the Franklin Institute, and a Standard American Thread by Bruce Sinclair
Part II: The Engineer and Engineering in 20th-Century America
The Engineer in 20th-Century America by Terry S. Reynolds
The Electrification of America: The System Builders by Thomas P. Hughes
Mirror-Image Twins: The Communities of Science and Technology in 19th-Century America by Edwin Layton
Local History and National Culture: Notions on Engineering Professionalism in America by Bruce Sinclair
The Introduction of the Loading Coil: George A. Campbell and Michael I. Pupin by James E. Brittain
Charles F. Kettering and the Copper-cooled Engine by Stuart W. Leslie
The Scientific Mystique in Engineering: Highway Research at the Bureau of Public Roads, 1918-1940 by Bruce E. Seely
Defining Professional Boundaries: Chemical Engineering in the Early 20th Century by Terry S. Reynolds
Academic Entrepreneurship and Engineering Education: Dugald C. Jackson and the MIT-GE Cooperative Engineering Course, 1907-1932 by W. Bernard Carlson
The "Revolt of the Engineers" Reconsidered by Peter Meiksins

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