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Distributed for Eburon Academic Publishers

Closing the Commons

Norwegian Fisheries from Open Access to Private Property

Closing the Commons traces the development of limited fishery access from the 1930s—when a licensing system was first established for trawlers operating in Norwegian waters—through the closing of offshore fleets in the 1970s and the coastal fleet in the 1990s. Today, more than ninety percent of all Norwegian fisheries have been closed through various license systems and mandates. 

Noted researcher Bjørn Hersoug analyzes this process and related issues, exploring the policy options available for future fisheries development. Extensively researched, the book is the first to fully examine the entire closing process for an English-speaking audience.

288 pages | 6 1/3 x 9 1/2 | © 2006

History: European History

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Table of Contents

List of Abbreviations
1.  Norway - The Hesitant Reformer
2.  The Norwegian Fishing Industry:  Background and Context
3.  How to Understand the Closing Process
4.  Limiting Access for the Trawlers:  From Social Policy to Conservation of Privileges
5.  "Capital Management under Extreme Certainty":  The Introduction of Limited Entry in Purse Seine Fisheries
6.  From IVQs to I(T)Qs:  The Gradual Closing of the Coastal Commons
7.  Long-term Allocation Keys:  Between Fine Mathematics and Crude Politics
8.  From IVQs to I(T)Qs:  Development of a New Structural Policy
9.  Paying for Limited Entry:  Fishing Fee or Cost Recovery
10.  Coping with the Aboriginal Challenge:  The Saami Fisheries
11.  Recreational Fisheries:  A Safety Valve in the Closing Process?
12.  Aquaculture:  Limited Entry but for Different Reasons
13.  The Closing of the Norwegian Marine Commons

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