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Distributed for Eburon Academic Publishers

Countries, Corporations and Cultures

A Multilevel Approach

With expanding globalization, international enterprises exercise a growing influence on the culture of corporations in countries where they operate. Several frameworks are available for comparing both country and organizational cultures in a quantitative manner. Yet until now, the paradigm has been that these two types of culture need to be measured independently, presenting a major obstacle to the comparison of work cultures internationally. In this book, Paul Melessen develops a framework that incorporates multilevel modeling to bridge the gap between analyses of these two types of culture. Building upon and enriching existing theory, Melessen compares fifteen multinational corporations to demonstrate how organizational cultures differ from national cultures―and how they can be analyzed, described, and managed.

300 pages | 125 halftones | 6 3/4 x 9 1/2 | © 2018

Economics and Business: Economics--General Theory and Principles

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Table of Contents

Management Summary
Table of Contents
List of Acronyms
1 Introduction
2 Literature Overview and Central Questions
2.1 Globalisation and Work Culture
2.2 The central question
2.3 Definitions of and perspectives on culture
2.4 Conspectness of Culture
2.5 The Country Level of Analysis: National Culture
2.6 The Organisation Level Analysis: Corporate Culture
2.7 The Organisational Unit Level of Analysis
2.8 The Employee Level of Analysis
2.9 Dimensional frameworks of culture
2.10 Frameworks of national culture
2.11 The national culture theory jungle
2.12 Frameworks for organisatinal culture
2.13 Frameworks of national vis a vis corporate culture
2.14 Multilevel models of cultural differences
2.15 Discussion
2.16 Final central question
3 Methodology and Sample
3.1 The Questionnaire
3.2 Procedure
3.3 Methodology and Sampling
3.4 The sampling process
3.5 Units per level of analysis
3.6 Demographic and higher level variables
3.7 Missing Data
3.8 Discussion
3.9 Conclusion
4 Data analysis on the VSM items
4.1 Confirmatory Factor Analysis
4.2 Replication of the VSM dimensions with equations
4.3 Comparison with Hofstede
4.4 Equivalence of Cultures between Units of Analysis
4.5 Correlations within levels of analysis
4.6 Conclusions
5 Multilevel Models of the VSM dimensions
5.1 Multilevel modelling
5.2 Bayesian estimation of random group effects
5.3 Variance Partitioning Coefficients for nested models
5.4 Deviance Information Criteria
5.5 Discussion and intermediate conclusion
6 Multilevel Models of OCM Items
6.1 Exploratory Factor Analysis of OCM responses
6.2 Reliability Analysis
6.3 Variance Partitioning Coefficients of the OCM dimensions
6.4 Deviance Information Criteria
6.5 Discussion
7 The Multilevel Culture Dimensions Set
7.1 Selection process
7.2 Correlation analysis
7.3 The MLC Culture Model
7.4 Analysis of variance
7.5 Multilevel multivariate analysis
7.6 Sampling issues
7.7 Construct validation with secondary data
7.8 Cultural Cluster as the highest level of analysis
7.9 Discussion
Models with Predictor Variables
8.1 Invariance to predictor variables
8.2 Multilevel models with predictor variables
8.3 Interpretation of the MLC dimension models
8.4 Outlier Analysis
8.5 Discussion
9 Countries by Multilevel Culture Dimensions
9.1 MLC vectors at the country level
9.2 Qualitative evaluation of country cultures
9.3 Cluster Analysis
9.4 Discussion
10 Corporations by Multilevel Culture Dimensions
10.1 MLC vectors and their classification
10.2 Evaluation of corporate cultures
10.3 Country Organisations’ cultures
10.4 Conclusions
11 Conclusions
11.1 Summary and answer to the central question
11.2 Suggestions for future research
11.3 Implications for management and consultants
Appendix A: Questionnaire
Appendix B: Feedback for Company Nu
Appendix C: Questionnaire’s Modes of Distribution
Appendix D: Country by Corporation Mean Scores
Appendix E: GLOBE Study Dimensions
Appendix F: Step-up Procedures multilevel models
Appendix G: National data

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