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Distributed for Sussex Academic Press

Arabic between State and Nation

Israel, the Levant and Diaspora

Comparing Arabic in Israel to Arabic in the Levant and across the diaspora, this book illuminates the unique socio-political conditions and features of speaking Arabic in Israel.

Drawing on both ethnographic fieldwork and sociolinguistics, Arabic Between State and Nation analyzes the political conditions of Arabic in Israel. While linguists often treat Arabic speakers of the Levant as belonging to one dialect group, this book makes a novel contribution by studying the unique sociopolitical situation of the use of Arabic in the Jewish state, and particularly in East Jerusalem. That perspective is important in light of the removal of Arabic as an official language in Israel in 2018. The book’s study of Arabic in Israel is enhanced through comparisons to the political conditions of Arabic found in the Levant and among the Arabic-speaking diaspora in communities such as Dearborn, Michigan. These comparisons consider both large- and small-scale factors, ranging from the role of nation-state building to daily public usage of Arabic. Arabic Between State and Nation reaches far beyond linguistic differences to go to the heart of the political, social, and economic despair faced by multiple communities.

240 pages | 6 1/4 x 9 1/4

Middle Eastern Studies


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Table of Contents


Acknowledgements
List of Figures, Maps and Tables

Introduction
On Language, Identity and Conflict: Some Basic Concepts
A Word on Bilingualism, Code-switching and Language Loss

1.Can We Still Speak of a Levantine Arabic?
What is a Levantine Identity?
Dialect Boundaries and National Identity
The Linguistic Landscape

2. What is Happening to Arabic in Israel?
The Status of Arabic Post- 2018 Basic Nationality Law
The Linguistic Landscape
Arabic and Hebrew in Advertisements
Arabic Use in Social Media

3.Jerusalem, Al-Quds: Overview
Preamble
Discriminatory Laws that Make Life Hard for Arab Jerusalemites
Censorship
Arab Schools in Jerusalem
The ‘Tawjihi-Bagrut’ Controversy
Street Naming and the Linguistic Landscape
Let’s Start with the Name of the City
Interview with Yitshak Reiter (19 November 2019) on Street Naming in East Jerusalem, and Commentary
Neoliberalism Arrives in Jerusalem

4.Arabic in Jerusalem, Institutionally Speaking
Schools in East Jerusalem
Language Exchange
Jews Learning Arabic
Arab Women Learning Hebrew
Are We Witnessing a Social Movement?
The Hebrew University Opens its Gates to Arab Jerusalem
Arab Student Experience
Faculty Experience
‘Fear of Small Numbers’?

5.The (Il)Legitimacy of Arabic in Michigan: An American Linguistic Landscape
Demographic and Historic Background
Research on Arab Americans
The Linguistic Landscape
Stories of Dearborners

Conclusion

Index

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