University of Chicago
Readings in Western Civilization

John W. Boyer and Julius Kirshner, General Editors

Complete Table of Contents

Volume 1: The Greek Polis   •   Volume 2: Rome: Late Republic and Principate
Volume 3: The Church in the Roman Empire   •   Volume 4: Medieval Europe   •   Volume 5: The Renaissance
Volume 6: Early Modern Europe: Crisis of Authority   •   Volume 7: The Old Regime and the French Revolution
Volume 8: Nineteenth Century Europe: Liberalism and Its Critics   •   Volume 9: Twentieth Century Europe


Volume 1: The Greek Polis
Edited by Arthur W. H. Adkins and Peter White

Series Editors’ Foreword
General Introduction



Volume 2: Rome: Late Republic and Principate
Edited by Walter Emil Kaegi, Jr., and Peter White

Series Editor Foreword
General Introduction

  1. Political Ideas and Practices, from Republic to Principate
    1. Polybius, History (Selections)
    2. Quintus Cicero, Handbook on Canvassing for the Consulship
    3. Sallust, The War with Catiline
    4. Cicero, Letter to Quintus(1)
    5. Caelius Rufus, Letter to Cicero
    6. Cicero, Letter to Paetus
    7. Horace, Sixteenth Epode
    8. Vergil, Fourth Eclogue
    9. Augustus, Record of His Accomplishments
    10. Tacitus, Annals (Selection)
    11. Tacitus, Histories (Selection)
    12. Pliny the Younger, Panegyric to Trajan (Selections)

  2. Rome and Its Subjects
    13. Cicero, Letter to Quintus (2)
    14. Two Trials for Provincial Misgovernment
    15. Municipal Charters and Regulations
    16. Oversight of Municipal Affairs in Bithynia
    17. Aristides, To Rome (Selections)

  3. Legal Foundations of Roman Society: The Status of Persons under the Law
    18. Justinian, Institutes (Selections)

  4. Preoccupations of Public and Private Life
    19. Cato the Censor, On Agriculture (Selections)
    20. Columella, On Farming (Selections)
    21. Cornelius Nepos, Life of Atticus
    22. The Funeral Eulogy of Turia
    23. Wills
    24. Masters Murdered by Slaves
    25. Two Prayers
    26. Official Reaction to Two Alien Cults
    27. Quintilian, The Training of the Orator, Book 1 (Selections)

  5. Problems of the Late Roman Empire
    28. Diocletian, Price Edict (Selections)
    29. On Military Matters (Selections)
    30. The Theodosian Code (Selections)
    31. Priscus, History (Selections)



Volume 3: The Church in the Roman Empire
Edited by Karl F. Morrison

Series Editor Foreword
General Introduction and Select Bibliography

  1. The Call to Conversion in a Hostile Environment
    1. Justin Martyr, First Apology
    2. Tatian, Address to the Greeks
    3. Letter to Diognetus

  2. From Persecuted to Persecutor
    4.The Martyrdom of Saint Perpetua
    5. Eusebius of Caesarea, The Ecclesiastical History
    6 Athanasius, History of the Arians
    7. Sozomen, Ecclesiastical History
    8. Codex Theodosianus, 16.1.1
    9. Augustine, Letter 185: On the Correction of the Donatists

  3. Relations between Church Government and Imperial Administration
    10. Eusebius of Caesarea, Life of Constantine the Great
    11. Ambrose Letter 51: To Theodosius
    12. Codex Theodosianus, 16.2.41
    13. Jerome, Letter 1: To Innocent
    14. Augustine, The City of God
    15. Pope Gelasius I, Letter to the Emperor Anastasius

  4. Christianity and Paganism
    16. Augustine, The City of God
    17. Codex Theodosianus,
    18. Jerome, Against Vigilantius
    19. Athanasius, Discourse 3 against the Arians
    20. John Chrysostom, Homilies Concerning the Statues
    21. Sozomen, Ecclesiastical History
    22. Codex Theodosianus, 15.4.1
    23. Ambrose Letters 17 and 18
    24. Augustine, Letter 29
    25. Gregory I, Dialogues
    26. Justinian, Codex,

  5. Asceticism
    27. Athanasius, Life of Saint Anthony
    28. Augustine, Confessions
    29. Tertullian, On the Apparel of Women

  6. Church Order
    30. Didaskalia Apostolorum
    31. Codex Theodosianus, 16.2.27
    32. Augustine, Confessions
    33. John Chrysostom, Letter to Olympias
    34. Aetheria, The Pilgrimage of Etheria
    35. Eusebius of Caesarea, The Ecclesiastical History
    36. Irenaeus of Lyon, Against Heresies
    37. Cyprian of Carthage, Letter 68 (64): To Florentius Pupianus, On Calumniators
    38. Pope Leo I, Sermon 3: On the Anniversary of His Elevation to the Pontificate

Index of Names


Volume 4: Medieval Europe
Edited by Julius Kirshner and Karl F. Morrison

Series Editor Foreword
General Introduction and Selected Bibliography

  1. Foundations and Developments

    Religion and Empire
    1. Gregory I's Account of Benedict's Life (ca. 600)
    2. Bede, Lives of the Abbots (ca, 650-690)
    3. Adamnan, Arculf's Narrative about the Holy Places (ca. 700)
    4. Einhard, The Life of Charlemagne (ca. 750-814)
    5. Articles from the Capitulare de Villis (807)
    6. Regino of Prüm, On the Breakdown of the Carolingian Empire (ca. 900)
    Rural Society
    7. Lords, Vassals, and Tenants in the Norman Summa de legibus (before 1258)
    8. Personal Status in England at the Time of Edward the Confessor (ca. 1050)
    9. Customal of the Monks of Saint Aubin, Angers (1080-82)
    10. Customal of the Village of Chapelaude (ca. 1150)
    11. Exchange of Female Serfs (1144)
    12. A Master Renounces His Rights (1228)
    13. The Manor of Alwalton (1279)
    14. Grant of a Market to the Archbishop of Hamburg (965)
    15. Customs of Saint-Omer (ca. 1100)
    16. Customs of Lorris (1155)
    17. Regulations of the Shearers Guild of Arras (1236)
    18. Statutes of Volterra (1244)
    19. John of Viterbo, On the Government of Cities (1240s)

  2. The Investiture Conflict
    20. The Life of the Emperor Henry IV (1056-1106)
    21. Papal Election Decree (1059)
    22. Letter of Gregory VII Proposing a Crusade to Henry IV (1074)
    23. Dictatus Papae (1075)
    24. Letter of Gregory VII to Henry IV (1075)
    25. Henry IV's Position (1076)
    26. Renunciation of Gregory VII by the German Bishops (Synod of Worms, 1076)
    27. Letter of Gregory to Bishop Herman of Metz (1081)
    28. Urban II, Speech at the Council of Clermont (27 November 1095)
    29. Letters of Ivo of Chartres and Ioscerannus of Rome on Lay Investiture (1111-12)
    30. Concordat of Worms (1122)

  3. Twelfth-Century Renaissance
    31. Anselm, Prayers and Meditations (ca. 1100)
    32. John of Salisbury, Policraticus (1150s)
    33. Rogerius, Questions on the Institutes (ca. 1160)
    34. Letter of Heloise to Abelard (1130s)
    35. Bernard of Clairvaux, On Women, Marriage, and Celibacy (1130s to 1140s)
    36. Bernard of Clairvaux, Letters (1130s-1140s)
    37. Bernard of Clairvaux, Advice to Pope Eugenius III (1145-53), De consideratione
    38. Gottfried of Strassburg, Tristan (ca. 1210)

  4. Authority, Conflict, and Repression
    The Mendicant Orders and the Attack against Heresy
    39. Bonacursus, Description of Cathars (1176-1190)
    40. Peter Waldo, Accounts of His Conversion and Translation of Scripture (1173-1184)
    41. Jordan of Saxony, On the Beginnings of the Order of Preachers (ca. 1200-1228)
    42. Raymond of Peñafort, Constitutions of the Dominican Order (ca. 1238-40)
    43. Francis of Assisi, Rule (1223) and Testament (1226)
    44. Thomas of Celano, Life of Saint Francis (1182-1228)
    45. Bernard Gui, Manual of the Inquisitor (1323-1324)
    Commerce Confronts the Usury Prohibition
    46. Contracts: Loan, Partnership, Letter of Exchange, and Deposit (ca. 1100-1200)
    47. Restitution of Usury (1220-1221)
    48. Decretal of Gregory IX, Naviganti (1234)
    49. Decree 29, On Usury, Council of Vienne (1311-12)
    50. Peter John Olivi, On Usury and Credit (ca. 1290)
    51. Thomas Aquinas, On Usury (ca. 1270)
    Control of Learning
    52. Gregory IX, Papal Regulations for the University of Paris (1231)
    53. Conflict between Town and Gown at Paris (1269)
    54. Thomas Aquinas, On Christian Theology (ca. 1270)
    55. Orthodoxy Enforced at Paris (1272)
    56. Teaching Obligations in the Faculty of the Arts, Paris (ca. 1280)
    57. Raymond Lull, On the Study of Oriental Languages (1298-99)
    Papal Monarchy and Its Critics
    58. Letter of Innocent III to the Crusaders (1203)
    59. Letter of Innocent III to the People of Metz (1199)
    60. Innocent III Annulling Magna Carta (1215)
    61. Eyewitness Account of the Fourth Lateran Council (1215)
    62. Walther von der Vogelweide Criticizes the Papacy (1213-14)

  5. The Babylonian Captivity and the Great Schism Storm over the Papacy
    63. Boniface VIII, Clericis Laicos (1296) and Unam Sanctum (1302)
    64. The General Assembly of Paris, June (1303)
    65. Ludwig the Bavarian's Appeal to a General Council (1324)
    66. Marsiglio of Padua, The Defender of Peace (1324)
    The Great Schism
    67. Letters of Catherine of Siena to Popes Gregory XI (ca. 1375) and Urban VI (ca. 1378)
    68. Manifesto of the Cardinals against Urban VI (1378)
    69. Nicholas of Clémanges, On the Ruin and the Repair of the Church (ca.1400)
    Black Death and Social Dislocations
    70. Matteo Villani, Descriptions of Plague in Florence (1348)
    71. Jean de Venette, Descriptions of Famine, War and Plague in France (1315-1349)
    72. Depopulation and Its Effects in Burgundy and Bordeaux (1360s)
    73. The Peasants' Revolt, England (1381)

Index of Names


Volume 5: The Renaissance
Edited by Eric Cochrane and Julius Kirshner

In Memoriam
Series Editor's Foreword
General Introduction and Select Bibliography

  1. From the Middle Ages to the Renaissance
    1. Bartolus of Sassoferrato, On the Tyrant
    2. Francesco Petrarca, Letters on Familiar Matters
    3. Francesco Petrarca, Secretum: Second Dialogue
    4. Giovanni Dondi dall'Orologio, Letter to Fra Guglielmo Centueri da Cremona

  2. The Social and Economic Structure of Early Renaissance Italy
    5. Leon Battista Alberti, On the Family
    6. Alessandra Macinghi negli Strozzi, Letter to Filippo degli Strozzi
    7. Bernardino da Siena, Sermons: "On the Vanity of the World and Especially of Women"
    and "On Usury"

  3. Humanist Culture and Problems of Politcal Order in Renaissance Florence
    8. Leonardo Bruni, On the Constitution of the Florentines
    9. Luca Landucci, Florentine Diary
    10. Bartomomeo Scala, Dialogue on Laws and Judgments
    11. Niccolò Machiavelli, Letters
    12. Niccolò Machiavelli, Discourses on the First Ten Books of Titus Livius
    13. Scipione Ammirato, The Florentine Histories
    14. Giovanni Botero, The Reason of the State

  4. Arts and Letters
    15. Giorgio Vasari, Life of Michelangelo
    16. Jacopo Pontormo, Letter to Benedetto Varchi
    17. Marguérite de Navarre, The Heptameron
    18. Montaigne, Essays: "Of Cannibals" and "Of Books"
    19. Vincenzo Galilei, Dialogue on Ancient and Modern Music

  5. The Religious Reformation
    20. Martin Luther, Letter to Pope Leo X
    21. The Twelve Articles and Admonition to Peace
    22. Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam
    23. John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion
    24. The Council of Trent: Bull of Convocation and Canons and Decrees, Sessions 4 and 6
    25. A Reformation City: The Diary of Giambattista Casale

Index of Names


Volume 6: Early Modern Europe: Crisis of Authority
Edited by Eric Cochrane, Charles M. Gray, and Mark A. Kishlansky

Series Editor Foreword
Note on Volume 6
General Introduction

  1. Cohesion and Division: Political Thought and the Making of States
    Two Northern European States
    1. Sir Thomas Smith, De Republica Anglorum
    2. Gregory King, Naturall and Political Observations upon the State and Condition of England
    3. Sir William Temple, Observations upon the United Provinces of the Netherlands
    The Justification of Resistance
    4. John Knox, The Appellation to the Nobility
    5. Phillippe Duplessis-Mornay, Vindiciae contra Tyrannos
    6. Juan de Mariana, The King and the Education of the King
    7. John Lilburne, A Work of the Beast
    Allegiance and Sovereignty
    8. James VI and I, The Trew Law of Free Monarchies
    9. Jean Bodin, Six Books of a Commonweale

  2. The English Revolution
    The King of Parliament
    10. The Calling of the Long Parliament (Selections from Clarendon)
    11. The Root and Branch Petition (11 December 1640)
    12. The Triennial Act (15 February 1641)
    13. The Grand Remonstrance
    14. The King's Answer to the Grand Remonstrance
    From Civil War to Revolution
    15. The Nineteen Propositions (1 June 1642)
    16. The King's Answer to the Nineteen Propositions
    17. J. Sprigge, Anglia Rediviva (The Battle of Naseby)
    18. Oliver Cromwell to Speaker Lenthall (14 June 1645)
    19. The Declaration of 30 April 1646
    20. The Army's Declaration of 14 June 1647
    21. An Agreement of the People
    22. The Putney Debates
    The King and the Monarchy
    23. The Army Agreement (15 January 1649)
    24. The Trial of Charles I
    25. King Charles, His Speech on the Scaffold
    26. John Gauden, Eikon Basilike
    27. John Milton, Eikonoklastes
    From Commonwealth to Restoration
    28. The Establishment of the Commonwealth
    29. The Adultery Act (1650)
    30. The Instrument of Government
    31. Sir Henry Vane, A Healing Question Propounded
    32. Cromwell's Speech to the Parliament of 1656 (17 September 1656)
    33. The Declaration of Breda

  3. The Scientific Revolution
    The New Cosmos and the Old
    34. Galileo Galilei
    35. Agostino Scilla, Vain Speculations Undeceived by the Senses
    36. Blaise Pascal, Pensées XV, Transition from Knowledge of Man to Knowledge of God
    37. Roger Cotes, Preface to Newton's Principia
    38. Isaac Newton, Principia Mathematica
    The Institutions of Science
    39. Letters and Memoranda to Colbert
    40. Academy of Sciences (Académie royale des sciences), Statutes



Volume 7: The Old Regime and the French Revolution
Edited by Keith Michael Baker

Series Editors' Foreword
General Introduction

  1. The Old Regime
    Social and Cultural Foundations
    1. Loyseau, A Treatise on Orders
    2. Bossuet, Politics Derived from the Words of Holy Scripture
    Absolute Monarchy on Trial
    3. A Royal Tongue-Lashing
    4. Remonstrance of the Cour des Aides
    Enlightenment and Reform
    5. Diderot, The Definition of an Encyclopedia
    6. Turgot, On Foundations
    7. Turgot, Memorandum on Local Government
    8. Protests of the Parlement of Paris (March, 1776)

  2. From Reform to Revolution
    The Reform Crisis
    9. Proceedings of the Assembly of Notables (1787)
    10. Parlementary Opposition (April-May 1788)
    Calling the Estates General
    11. Order in Council Concerning the Convocation of the Estates General (5 July 1788)
    12. Sallier, Recollections of a Parlementary Magistrate
    13. Memorandum of the Princes of the Blood (December 1788)
    14. Sieyès, What Is the Third Estate?
    15. Regulations for the Convocation of the Estates General (24 January 1789)
    From Estates General to National Assembly
    16. Dispatches from Paris (April-July 1789)
    17. Deliberations at the Estates General (June 1789)
    Abolition of Feudal Regime
    18. Peasant Grievances
    19. Reports of Popular Unrest (July-September 1789)
    20. Decrees of the National Assembly (10-11 August 1789)
    21. The "October Days"
    A National Constitution and Public Liberty
    22. Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
    23. The Civil Constitution of the Clergy (12 July 1790)
    24. Viefville des Essars, On the Emancipation of the Negroes (1790)
    25. The Le Chapelier Law (14 June 1791)
    26. The Constitution of 1791
    27. Gouges, Declaration of the Rights of Women

  3. Revolutionary Politics
    The King's Flight and Popular Politics
    28. The King's Declaration on leaving Paris (20 June 1791)
    29. The Champ de Mars Massacre (17 July 1791)
    30. National Assembly Debate on Clubs (20 September 1791)
    The Fall of the Monarchy
    31. Roland, Letter to the King (10 June 1792)
    32. The Revolution of 10 August 1792
    33. The "September Massacres"
    The Convention Divided
    34. The King's Trial
    35. Purge by Insurrection (31 May-June 1793)
    The Evolution of Terror
    36. Documents of the Sans-Culottes
    37. Decreee Esablishing the Levée en Masse (23 August 1793)
    38. "Make Terror the Order of the Day" (5 September 1793)
    39. The Law of Suspects (17 September 1793)
    40. Saint-Just, Report to the Convention on Behalf of the Committee of Public Safety (10 October 1793)
    41. The Revolutionary Calendar
    42. Robespierre, Report on the Principles of Political Morality (5 February 1794)
    43. The Festival of the Supreme Being (8 June 1794)

  4. After the Terror
    44. Manifesto of the Directors (15 November 1795)
    45. The Conspiracy of Equals (1796)
    46. Bonaparte, Letter to the Executive Directory (15 July 1797)
    47. The Coup d'Etat of 18 Brumaire 1799
    48. Napoleonic Ideas

  5. Reflections on the French Revolution
    49. Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France
    50. Maistre, Considerations on France
    51. Constant, Ancient and Modern Liberty Compared



Volume 8: Nineteenth Century Europe: Liberalism and Its Critics
Edited by Jan Goldstein and John W. Boyer

Series Editor Foreword
General Introduction

  1. Early Liberal Thought and Practice
    1. Jeremy Bentham, Principles of Legislation
    2. Jeremy Bentham, Panopticon Papers
    3. T. B. Macaulay, Speech on Parliamentary Reform (2 March 1831)
    4. W. J. Fox, Speech before the Anti-Corn Law League (28 September 1843)
    5. 1846-47 Factory Legislation Debates
    6. Samuel Smiles, William Fairbairn
    7. Two Articles from The Economist (1851)
    8. Thomas Gisborne, Enquiry into the Duties of the Female Sex
    9. J. S. Mill and Harriet Taylor, Essays on Marriage and Divorce
    10. Victor Cousin, Speech on the Proposal to Reorganize the Medical Professsion (4 June 1847)
    11. G. W. F. Hegel, on the Family, Civil Society, and the State
    12. Documents on the Status of German Jewry and the Debate over Jewish Emancipation

  2. The Social Question, Utopian Visions, and the Upheaval at Midcentury
    13. Charles Fourier, on the Phalanstery
    14. The Trial of the Saint Simonians in the Court of Assizes of Paris (27-28 August 1832)
    15. Flora Tristan, The Workers' Union (1843)
    16. Agricol Perdiguir, Memoirs of a Compagnon
    17. 1848 in France
    18. Alexis de Tocqueville, Recollections
    19. Karl Marx, The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte
    20. Louis Napoleon, Speech to the Bordeaux Chamber of Commerce (1852)
    21. Heinrich von Gagern, Speech to the Frankfurt National Assembly on German Unity (26 October 1848)
    22. Macaulay on Jefferson in the 1850's: A Letter to H. S. Randall
    23. Giudeppe Mazzini, Duties to Country

  3. Religion and Liberal Culture
    24. Friedrich Schleiermacher, On Religion: Speeches to Its Cultured Despisers
    25. William Wilberforce, A Practical View of the Prevailing Religious System of the Professed Christians in the Higher and Middle Classes, Contrasted with Real Christianity
    26. James Stephen, "The Clapham Sect"
    27. Ludwig Feuerbach, The Essence of Christianity
    28. Ernest Renan, The Life of Jesus
    29. Ernest Renan, The Intellectual and Moral Reform of France (1871)
    30. The Politics of French Anticlericalism: Speeches by Jules Ferry, Léon Gambetta, and Paul Bert
    31. French Schoolteachers' Testimonies from the Early Third Republic
    32. Edmund Gosse, Father and Son
    33. Leo XIII, Rerum Novarum
    34. Thomas Mann, Buddenbrooks
    35. Friedrich Nietzsche, The Gay Science

  4. Consitutionalism, Authoritarianism, and Nationalism in Germany
    36. Otto von Bismarck, Speech on the Constitution of the North German Confederation (11 March 1867)
    37. Otto von Bismarck, Speech on the Law for the Workmen's Compensation (15 March 1884)
    38. Eduard Lasker et. al., Founding Statement of the National Liberty Party (June 1867)
    39. Hermann von Mallinckrodt, Programmatic Statement for the Prussian Zentrum (May 1862)
    40. Hellmut von Gerlach, A Junker Paradise
    41. Max Weber, The National State and Economic Policy
    42. Heinrich von Treitschke, In Memory of the Great War

  5. Mass Politics at the Turn of the Century
    43. Marx and Engels, Four Letter on the Materialist Interpretation of History
    44. Maurice Barrès, The Nancy Program
    45. Theodor Herzl, The Jewish State
    46. Jean Jaurès, Idealism in History
    47. Eduard Bernstein, Evolutionary Socialism
    48. Rosa Luxemburg, Mass Strike, Party, and Trade Unions
    49. Clara Zetkin, On a Bourgeois Feminist Petition (1895)
    50. Rudyard Kipling, The White Man's Burden (1899)
    51. The Earl of Cromer, Modern Egypt
    52. Joseph Chamberlain, Preference, the True Imperial Policy (1 February 1905)

Index of Names


Volume 9: Twentieth Century Europe
Edited by John W. Boyer and Jan Goldstein

Series Editor Foreword
General Introduction

  1. Mentalities on the Eve of the Great War
    1. The Futurist Manifestos
    2. Henri Massis and Alfred de Tarde, The Young People of Today
    3. Mabel Atkinson, The Economic Foundations of the Women's Movement
    4. Friedrich von Bernhardi, Germany and the Next War
    5. Stenographic Protocol of the Last Meeting of the International Socialist Bureau of the Second International

  2. European Society during the War
    6. Hugo Haase, Speech in the Reichstag on War Credits
    7. Rudolph Hilferding, A Co-Partnership of Classes?
    Alfred Zimmern and Edward Grigg. Introduction: The Round Table on England in the War
    8. Alfred Zimmern, The War and English Life
    9. Edward Grigg, Response to Alfred Zimmern
    10. Walter Tathenau, Germany's Provisions for Raw Materials
    11. Henri Philippe Pétain, A Crisis of Morale in the French Nation at War
    12. Max Weber, Between Two Laws
    13. Sigmund Freud, Thoughts for the Times on War and Death
    14. John Maynard Keynes, The Economic Consequences of the Peace

  3. Europe between the Wars
    Extremists: Fascist Right and Communist Left
    15. Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf
    16. Benito Mussolini, The Doctrine of Fascism
    17. Joseph Stalin, The Foundations of Leninism
    Democratic Politicians
    18. Léon Blum, Speech at the Socialist Party Congress of Tours and the Matignon Agreement
    19. Gustav Stresemann, Two Views of Locarno
    The Problem of Appeasement: Introduction
    20. Neville Chamerlain, Speech on the Munich Crisis
    21. Winston Churchill, Speech on the Munich Crisis
    22. Neville Chamberlain, Reply to His Critics
    23. Arnold Toynbee, Lord Rothermere, and Winston Churchill, Three Views of Appeasement
    Intellectuals and Cultural Critics
    24. Antonio Gramsci, The Prison Notebooks
    25. Julien Benda, The Betrayal of the Intellectuals
    26. Simone Weil, Letters on the Factory and Metaxu
    27. Arthur Koestler, The God That Failed
    28. André Breton, What is Surrealism?
    29. Virginia Woolf, A Room of One's Own
    30. Walter Gropius, On the Bauhaus
    31. Walter Benjamin, The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction
    Custodians of the Liberal Conscience: Two Views from Vienna
    32. Friedrich von Hayek, The Road to Serfdom
    33. Paul Lazarsfeld, Marie Jahoda, and Hans Zeisel, Marienthal: The Sociography of an Unemployed Community

  4. Europe at Point Zero: The Reconstruction of Order after the Sceond World War
    34. W. H. Auden, Voltaire at Ferney
    35. Bruno Bettelheim, The Experience of the Concentration Camps
    36. Jean-Paul Sartre, Existentialism Is a Humanism
    37. Sir William Beveridge, New Britain
    38. Ludwig Erhard, Economic Policy as a Component of Social Policy
    39. The Bad Godesberg Program
    40. The Phenomenon of Gaullism: Selections from de Gaulle
    41. Jean Monnet, A Red-Letter Day for European Unity

  5. Moving Forward
    42. Hannah Arendt, On Humanity in Dark Times: Thoughts about Lessing
    43. Michel Foucault, The Subject and Power
    44. Raymond Williams, The Long Revolution

Index of Names


University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization
John W. Boyer and Julius Kirshner, general editors

For bibliographic data and information on purchasing the books—from bookstores or online—please go to the series page for the University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization.

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