When Children Become Parents

Welfare State Responses to Teenage Pregnancy

Edited by Anna Daguerre and Corinne Nativel

When Children Become Parents
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Edited by Anna Daguerre and Corinne Nativel

Distributed for Policy Press at the University of Bristol

264 pages
Paper $39.95 ISBN: 9781861346780 Published November 2006 For sale in North and South America only
Teenage parenthood is recognised as a significant disadvantage in western industrialised nations. It has been found to increase the likelihood of poverty and to reinforce inequalities. This book explores, for the first time, the links between welfare state provision and teenage reproductive behaviour across a range of countries with differing welfare regimes.Drawing on both welfare state and feminist literature, as well as on new empirical evidence, the book compares public policy responses to teenage parenthood in each 'family' of welfare regime: Nordic, Liberal and Continental (Western European); analyses the different socio-political contexts in which teenage pregnancy is constructed as a social problem and identifies best practice in Europe and the USA.Countries included in the study are the UK, USA, New Zealand, France, Italy, Poland, Denmark, Norway, the Canadian province of Quebec and Russia. The contributors are all internationally recognised experts in the fields of welfare and/or gender studies."When children become parents" is important reading for a wide audience of students, policy makers, practitioners and academics in sociology, social policy, social geography, education, psychology, and youth and gender studies.
List of figures and tables
Notes on contributors

1. Introduction: the construction of teenage pregnancy as a social problem
      Anne Daguerre and Corinne Nativel
Part One: Liberal welfare states
2.  Young single mothers and ‘welfare reform’ in the US
      Christine Carter McLaughlin and Kristin Luker
3.  Teenage pregnancy in New Zealand: changing social policy paradigms
      Georg Menz
4. Teenage pregnancy and parenthood in England
      Anne Daguerre
Part Two: Continental and Scandinavian welfare states
5. Approaches to teenage motherhood in Québec, Canada
      Johanne Charbonneau
6. Teenage pregnancy and reproductive politics in France
      Corinne Nativel
7. Early motherhood in Italy: explaining the ‘invisibility’ of a social phenomenon
      Elisabetta Pernigotti and Elisabetta Ruspini
8. Teenage reproductive behavior in Denmark and Norway: lessons from the Nordic welfare state
      Lisbeth B. Knudsen and Ann-Karin Valle
Part Three: Transition States
9. Meeting the challenge of new teenage reproductive behavior in Russia
      Elena Ivanova
10. Teenage pregnancy in Poland: between laissez-faire and religious backlash
      Stéphane Portet
11. Conclusion: welfare states and the politics of teenage pregnancy: lessons from cross-national comparisons
      Corinne Nativel with Anne Daguerre

Statistic appendix: Teenage fertility in OECD countries
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