Paper $38.50 ISBN: 9789087280284 Published June 2009 For sale only in the United States, its dependencies, the Philippines, and Canada

Tracing Traces from Present to Past

A Functional Analysis of Pre-Columbian Shell and Stone Artefacts from Anse à la Gourde and Morel, Guadeloupe, FWI

Yvonne Lammers-Keijsers

Yvonne Lammers-Keijsers

Distributed for Leiden University Press

182 pages | 6 1/4 x 8 1/3 | © 2008
Paper $38.50 ISBN: 9789087280284 Published June 2009 For sale only in the United States, its dependencies, the Philippines, and Canada

This comprehensive volume analyzes shell implements, as well as flint and stone tools, from the pre-Columbian sites of Anse à la Gourde and Morel, Guadeloupe, drawing on archaeological, ethnographical, ethnohistorical and experimental data. The results of a functional analysis of all artifact categories are presented, as well as a reconstruction of the technological system in the pre-Columbian period. Lammers-Keijsers also demonstrates the value of this integral approach in shedding light on the choices made in past tool use and the future study of different raw materials.

1. Introduction
2. Functional Analysis – Methods and Techniques
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Usewear traces
2.3 Taphonomic processes and post-depositional modifications
2.4 Functional analysis in the Caribbean area
2.5 Sampling
2.6 Registration
2.7 Instruments
2.8 Cleaning
2.9 Levels of interpretation
3. The processing of raw materials: ethnohistorical, ethnographical, archaeological and experimental data
3.1 Methods and data sources
3.2 Plants
3.3 Wood: logs and branches
3.4 Animal material: hides, meat and bones
3.5. Mineral, coral and shell
3.6 Concluding remarks
4. Anse à la Gourde
4.1 Introduction to the site
4.2 Shell artefacts
4.3 Flint and stone artefacts
4.4 Coral artefacts
4.5 Secondarily used pottery sherds
4.6 Conclusions
5. Morel
5.1 Introduction to the site
5.2 Shell artefacts
5.3 Flint tools
5.4 Hard stone tools
5.5 Coral and pottery tools
5.6 Conclusions
6. Towards an integral approach in the Lesser Antilles
6.1 Introduction
6.2 The possibilities and limitations of functional analysis
6.3 The choice of raw materials for tool and ornament production
6.4 Domestic activities and craft specialization through time (Fig. 6.1)
6.5 Suggestions for further research
Appendix 1: Code-list use-wear traces
Appendix 2: Shell artefact description, variables and possible entries
Samenvatting (Dutch summary)
List of figures
List of tables
List of appendices
Curriculum Vitae
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