The Study of Religion and the Training of Muslim Clergy in Europe

Academic and Religious Freedom in the 21st Century

Edited by Willem B. Drees and Pieter S. Koningsveld

Edited by Willem B. Drees and Pieter S. Koningsveld

Distributed for Leiden University Press

503 pages | 28 halftones | 6-2/3 x 9-1/2
Paper $71.50 ISBN: 9789087280253 Published June 2008 For sale only in the United States, its dependencies, the Philippines, and Canada
Religious scholarship can be offensive to believers, as conflicts from the time of Galileo and Spinoza to the recent critique of Danish religious scholars in the wake of the infamous Muhammad cartoons have shown. Studies of this type of scholarship have been appropriated by believers as a means of reinventing their own identities—as the training of twentieth-century Muslim clergy demonstrates. This volume offers a unique collection of training materials from European Muslim clergy since the 1940s—including Third Reich debriefing reports on their imam training program, surveillance files on Muslim activists, and information on Bosnian clergy and their training centers—as well as an exploration of religion and academic freedom in general, accompanied by appendices in both Arabic and English.
Preface and acknowledgements
Willem B. Drees and Pieter Sjoerd van Koningsveld
Academic and Religious Freedom: An Introduction
Part One - Academic Freedom and the Study of Religion
1. Ernan McMullin
Academic Freedom and Competing Authorities: Historical Reflections
2. Reinier Munk
Freedom of Thought and the Authority of Tradition in Modern Jewish Philosophy: The Cases of Spinoza and Mendelssohn
3. Willem B. Drees
Academic Freedom and the Symbolic Significance of Evolution
4. Umar Ryad
The Dismissal of A.J. Wensinck from the Royal Academy of the Arabic Language in Cairo
5. Henk Jan de Jonge
The Historical Method of Biblical Interpretation: Its Nature, Use, Origin and Limitations
6. Nasr Hamid Abu-Zayd
Trial of Thought: Modern Inquisition in Egypt
Appendix: My Testimony on the Case of Abu Zayd, by Mona Zulficara
7. Muhammad Machasin
Academic Freedom in Islamic Studies and the Surveillance by Muslim Activists in Indonesia
8. Albert de Jong
Historians of Religion as Agents of Religious Change
9. Beshara Doumani
A Passing Storm or a Structural Shift? Challenges to Academic Freedom in the United States after September 11
10. Tim Jensen
In the Wake of the Cartoon Crisis: Freedom of Expression of Academics in Denmark
Part Two - The Academic Training of Muslim Clergy in Europe
11. Mustafa Ceric
History of the Institutionalized Training of Imams in Bosnia-Herzegovina
Appendix 1: The waqfiyyah (constitution of the Ghazi Husrez-bey Madrasa (1753)
Appendix 2: A Draft Proposal for the Ghazi Husrev-bey University
12. Pieter Sjoerd van Koningsveld
The Training of Imams by the Third Reich
Appendix: Extract of a document from the Bundesarchiv
13. Mohammed M. Ghaly
The Academic Training of Imams: Recent Discussions and Initiatives in the Netherlands
14. Firdaous Oueslati
Non-Formal Islamic Higher Education in the Netherlands: With Some Comparative Notes on France and the United Kingdom
15. Ednan Aslan
Islamic Religious Pedagogy at the University of Vienna
Appendix: Overview of the Study Modules
16. Birgitte Schepelern Johansen
Legitimizing Islamic Theology and European Universities
17. Yahya Sergio Yahe Pallavicini
The Training Programme of Imams in Italy
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