Silent Invaders

Pesticides, Livelihoods and Women's Health

Miriam Jacobs and Barbara Dinham

Silent Invaders

Miriam Jacobs and Barbara Dinham

Distributed for Zed Books

352 pages | 5.4375 x 8.5 | © 2003
Paper $42.95 ISBN: 9781856499965 Published November 2002 For sale in North and South America only
At a time when the world‘s intensive hi-tech agricultural system is being criticised for its health and environmental impacts, pesticides are increasingly under scrutiny. Pesticides Action Network UK is part of an international network of national and community organizations monitoring the development and marketing of pesticides, dialoguing with the companies involved in order to minimize possible damage to people and nature, and campaigning for tighter controls over pesticide marketing and for new bio-friendly approaches to agricultural production. This PAN UK book brings together in an up-to-date and comprehensive manner the experience and findings of many different scientists, farmers‘ organizations and PAN members around the world. The particular focus is on women‘s health. In many societies, most work in the fields is done by women rather than men. As a result, not only are more women than men often exposed to pesticides, but the toxic effects impact on women in specific physiological ways. The information in this volume documents this and makes clear the urgent need for more systematic attention to gender issues in pesticide and sustainable agriculture-related research and action. Of particular practical usefulness are those sections which examine what progress has been made by governments and corporations in improving safety and safe use of pesticides; and how local communities, and in particular women, have fought back against indiscriminate and unsafe pesticide use, and pursued alternatives. A tool kit points readers to relevant action methodologies and sources of further information.
Foreword - Clare Short

1. Introduction: The Failure to Protect Women from Pesticides - Marion Moses

PART I: Pesticides versus People
2. Introduction to Part I - Barbara Dinham
3. 'Nobody Told Me They Were Harmful': Pesticide Exposure and the Health of Women Farm Workers - Margaret Reeves and Lucy Rosas
4. Multiple Health Problems in Latin America - Catharina Wesseling
5. Rural Mothers with HIV: Eliminating Pesticide Exposure - Sam L Page
6. Women, Pesticide Use and Access to Information: Experiences from Niger Marian J. H. Hulshof and Sankung B. Sagnia
7. Caught in the Cotton Trap: Women's Exposure and Dependence in Benin Simplice - Davo Vodouhe
8. A Woman's Work is Never Done: Agriculture in Senegal Abou Thiam with Seynabou Sissoko
9. Invisible Farmers: Rural Roles in Pakistan - Nasira Habib
10. Day in, Day out: Lack of Protection in India - Daisy Dharmaraj and Sheila Jayaprakash

PART II: The Science of Pesticide Exposure and Health
11. Introduction to Part II - Miriam Jacobs
12. High Risk Exposure: Gender, Age and Poverty - Jenny Pronczuk, Nida Besbelli and Michael Ruse
13. Measuring Gender Differences in Response to Pesticide Exposure - John McLaren Howard
14. Human Exposure to Airborne Pesticide Pollutants - Ordias Chikuni and Anuschka Polder
15. Cancer Risks in Agriculture - Lucia Miligi and Laura Settimi
16. Environmental Organochlorine Exposure and the Risk for Breast Cancer - Lennart Hardell
17. Explaining Breast Cancer and Chemical Liniks: Health Hazards for Women Workers - Dieter Flesch-Janys
18. Birth Defects in an Agricultural Environment - Ana M. Garcia
19. Reproductive Health and Pesticide Exposure - Xiping Xu and Sung-Il Cho
20. Unsafe Sex: How Endocrine Disruptors Work - Miriam Jacobs
21. Pesticides and P450 Induction: Gender Implications - David F. V. Lewis

PART III: A Precautionary Approach to Policy and Regulation
22. Introduction to Part III - Barbara Dinham
23. Failing Laws: Assumptions and Realities for Women in South African Agriculture - Leslie London and Hanna-Andrea Rother
24. Safety at Work and Gender Bias: Attitudes to Risk in Setting Policy - Meriel A. Watts
25. Implementing Pesticide Regulation: Gender Differences - Andrew Wattterson and Jenny Wattterson
26. Double Jeopardy: Chemicals in the Home and the Workplace - David Watt

PART IV: Taking Action
27. Introduction to Part IV - Barbara Dinham
28. Breaking the Silence: Women Struggle for Pesticide Elimination - Sarogeni Rengam
29. The Bhopal Aftermath: Generations of Women Affected - Satinath Sarangi
30. The Campaign against Lindane: The Lessons of Women's Action - Jill Day
31. Integrated Pest Management: Gender Sensitive and Participatory Approaches - Adrienne Martin and Kerry Albright
32. Integrated Pest Management: Training Women To Take Control - John Pontius and Alifah Sri Lestari

Technical Annex
Web Resources
About the Authors
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