Sharing Our Pathways

Native Perspectives on Education in Alaska

Edited by Ray Barnhardt and Angayuqaq Oscar Kawagley

Sharing Our Pathways

Edited by Ray Barnhardt and Angayuqaq Oscar Kawagley

Distributed for University of Alaska Press

366 pages | 25 halftones, 4 drawings, 1 map, 14 graphs and tables, | 6 x 9 | © 2011
Paper $20.00 ISBN: 9781877962448 Published November 2011

Originally published in the Sharing Our Pathways newsletter of the Alaska Rural Systemic Initiative, the essays in this volume describe school reform strategies, curricula, and pedagogical practices that incorporate the indigenous knowledge systems of Alaska Native peoples into the formal education system. Individual sections consider contributions from or inspired by, among others, the Yup’ik, Tlingit, Unangan, Athabascan, and Iñupiaq tribes. Covering ten years of pioneering education initiatives, this comprehensive collection will simultaneously prepare Alaska Native students for the future while preserving and strengthening their ties to the past.



Part I—Athabascan Pathways to Education
Rural Alaska School Districts: Who is in Control?
       Frank Hill
Research and Indigenous Peoples
       Nakutluk Virginia Ned
Documenting Indigenous Knowledge and Languages: Research Planning and Protocol
       Beth Leonard
Remembering Our Heroes
       Frank Hill
An Elder Interview with Howard Luke
       Howard Luke and Sarah McConnell
Components of Culturally-Responsive Schools
       Frank Hill
Learning Dinaxinag: A Personal Journey Through Higher Education
       Beth Leonard
The Hills on the Telaquana Trail
       Frank Hill
Part II—Iñupiaq Pathways to Education
Challenges in Alaska Native Education Today
       Rachel Craig
Alaska Native Cultural Integration into the Curriculum
       Martha Stackhouse
What’s in a Name?
       Rachel Craig
Integrating Indigenous Knowledge into Education
       Elmer Jackson
New Pathways to Excellence
       Florence B. Kuzuguk
Learning the Iñupiaq Language
       Martha Aiken
Minnie Aliitchak Qapviatchialuk Gray, Ambler
       Elmer Jackson
Traditional Knowledge, Environmental Assessment, and the Clash of Two Cultures
       Richard Glenn
The Time is Right to Write
       Dorothy M. Larson
Traditional Methods of Healing and Medicine for Sciences Fair Projects
       Elmer Jackson
Aspects of Traditional Iñupiat Education
       Paul Ongtooguk
Community Values and Beliefs
       Bernice Tetpon
Nikaitchuat Ixisabviat: An Iñupiaq Immersion School
       Igxubuq Dianne Schaeffer
Native Languages in Alaska
       Ruthie Sampson
Inuit Studies: Some Reflections
       Maricia Ahmasuk
Integrating Culturally-Responsive School Standards in Education
       Yaayuk Bernadette Alvanna-Stimpfle
       Sean Topkok
Part III—Tlingit/Haida Pathways to Education
Reading Poles
       Andy Hope
Elders in the Classroom
       Roby Littlefield
In the Presences of Stories
       Vivian Martindale
Native American Perspective and the Classroom Experience
       Ted A. Wright,
Native American Songs as Literature
       Vivian Martindale
The School of Custom and Tradition
       Andy Hope
S’axt’: Incorporating Native Values in a Place-Based Lesson Plan
       Vivian Martindale
Perspectives from a Lingit Language Instructor
       Vivian Martindale and Vivian Mork
Part IV—Unangan/Alutiiq Pathways to Education
Cultural Innovation at Netsvetov
       Ethan Petticrew
Elder Interview: Nick Galaktionoff
       Moses L. Dirks
Leave No Language Behind
       Sally and Sperry Ash
The Education of a Seal Hunter
       Moses Dirks
Part V—Yup’ik/Cup’ik Pathways to Education
Earth, Air, Fire, Water and Spirit as a Foundation for Education
       Angayuqaq Oscar Kawagley
Yupiaq Mathematics: Pattern and Form in Space and Place
       Angayuqaq Oscar Kawagley
Learning Put Into Cultural Perspective
       William Beans
Active Reality Research
       Angayuqaq Oscar Kawagley
A “New” Old Way of Understanding
       Joe Slats
An Alliance Between Humans and Creatures
       Angayuqaq Oscar Kawagley
Collaboration in Education
       Ayaprun Loddie Jones
Traditional Yup’ik Knowledge—Lessons for All of Us
       Esther Ilutsik
Never, Never, No Matter What!
       Cecilia Tacuk Martz
Revitalizing Harmony in Village and School Relationships
       Angayuqaq Oscar Kawagley and Dixie Dayo
Gathering Resources
       Nita Rearden
Identity Creating Camps
       Angayuqaq Oscar Kawagley
Developing Culturally-Responsive Curriculum
       Esther Arnaq Ilutsik
How Does the Crane Keep Its Language?
       Angayuqaq Oscar Kawagley
Qelakun Wall’ Qetegkun?
       Cecilia Tacuk Martz
Multicultural Education: Partners in Learning Yugtun Qaneryararput Arcaqertuq
       Theresa Arevgaq John
Alaska Native Village Education
       John P. Angaiak
Nurturing Native Languages
       Angayuqaq Oscar Kawagley
Oral Traditional Knowledge: Does It Belong in the Classroom?
       Esther A. Ilutsik
In the Maelstrom of Confusion, a Stilling Voice
       Angayuqaq Oscar Kawagley
Who is this Child Named WIPCE?
       Ac’arralek Lolly Sheppard Carpluk
Revisiting Action-Oriented, Multi-Reality Research
       Angayuqaq Oscar Kawagley
Reviving Our Cultures and Languages: A Cup’ik Perspective
       John F. Pingayak
Navigating Across the Tundra with Fred George
       Claudette Engblom-Bradley
Blowing in the Wind
       Angayuqaq Oscar Kawagley
Cultural Standards and Test Scores
Ray Barnhardt, Angayuqaq Oscar Kawagley and Frank Hill

     Alaska Standards for Culturally Responsive Schools
     Alaska Native Values

Review Quotes
“The essays [in Sharing Our Pathways] document efforts by Alaskan Natives to take back control of their children's education from colonial attempts to assimilate them into mainstream US society, in order to develop an education system that melds Alaskan Native knowledge with "Western" education. . . . Recommended.”
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