Shelter City

Protecting Citizens Against Air Raids

Koos Bosma

Shelter City

Koos Bosma

Distributed for Amsterdam University Press

409 pages | 200 halftones | 6 3/10 x 9 1/2 | © 2012
Paper $69.00 ISBN: 9789089642110 Published November 2012 For sale only in the United States, its dependencies, the Philippines, and Canada

Shelter City provides a detailed overview of air-raid protection plans and structures developed in Europe between 1933 and 1945. Koos Bosma compares the British, Dutch, and German protection policies and structures in place before and after World War II, painting a fascinating picture of these sophisticated spatial and social systems of police, firefighters, medical experts, food and rescue teams, shelter staff, and volunteers.


1. “Gunpowder is heaping up in Europe and sparks could fly!”: Contours of a Shelter City
2. Gimme Shelter!: Air Defence in Great Britain, Germany, and the Netherlands 1930–1940
3. The Contest of Projectile versus Armour: Air Raid Defences in Germany, 1940–1945
4. Life and Death in Shelter City: The Air Duel between Germany and Britain
5. “The glass falls like paper and the roof tiles like cotton wool”: Dutch Air Raid Protection During the Occupation
6. Seyss-Inquart as a Patron of Architecture I: The Architecture of Communications
7. Seyss-Inquart as a Patron of Architecture II: The Hague as Shelter City
8. A Continental Mirage: Shelter City in the Cold War
9. The Ruin Value of Shelter City

About the Author
Credits for Illustrations and Photography
Geographical Index
Index of Names
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