Reclaiming the Land

The Resurgence of Rural Movements in Africa, Asia and Latin America

Sam Moyo and Paris Yeros

Reclaiming the Land

Sam Moyo and Paris Yeros

Distributed for Zed Books

432 pages | 5.4375 x 8.5 | © 2005  
Paper $46.95 ISBN: 9781842774250 Published February 2005 For sale in North and South America only
Rural movements have recently emerged to become some of the most important social forces in opposition to neoliberalism. From Brazil and Mexico to Zimbabwe and the Philippines, rural movements of diverse political character, but all sharing the same social basis of dispossessed peasants and unemployed workers, have used land occupations and other tactics to confront the neoliberal state. This volume brings together for the first time across three continents - Africa, Latin America and Asia - an intellectually consistent set of original investigations into this new generation of rural social movements.

These country studies seek to identify their social composition, strategies, tactics, and ideologies; to assess their relations with other social actors, including political parties, urban social movements, and international aid agencies and other institutions; and to examine their most common tactic, the land occupation, its origins, pace and patterns, as well as the responses of governments and landowners.

At a more fundamental level, this volume explores the ways in which two decades of neoliberal policy - including new land tenure arrangements intended to hasten the commodification of land, and new land uses linked to global markets -- have undermined the social reproduction of the rural labour force and created the conditions for popular resistance. The volume demonstrates the longer-term potential impact of these movements. In economic terms, they raise the possibility of tackling immiseration by means of the redistribution of land and the reorganisation of production on a more efficient and socially responsible basis. And in political terms, breaking the power of landowners and transnational capital with interests in land could ultimately open the way to an alternative pattern of capital accumulation and development.
Contents
Introduction - Sam Moyo and Paris Yeros

1. The Resurgence of Rural Movements under Neoliberalism - Sam Moyo and Paris Yeros

PART I: AFRICA
2. Rural Land and Land Conflicts in Sub-Saharan Africa - Henry Bernstein
3. Night Harvesters, Forest Hoods and Saboteurs: Struggles over Land Expropriation in Ghana - Kojo Sebastian Amanor
4. Land Occupations in Malawi: Challenging the Neoliberal Legal Order - Fidelis Edge Kanyongolo
5. Land Occupations in South Africa - Mfaniseni Fana Sihlongonyane
6. Land Occupations and Land Reform in Zimbabwe: Towards the National Democratic Revolution - Sam Moyo and Paris Yeros

PART II: ASIA
7. Rural Land Struggles in Asia:Overview of Selected Contexts - Filomeno Aguilar Jnr.
8. Occupation of Land in India: Experiences and Challenges - Minar Pimple and Manpreet Sethi
9. Stretching the 'Limits' of Redistributive Reform: Lessons and Evidence from the Philippines under Neoliberalism - Salvador H. Feranil

PART III: LATIN AMERICA
10. The Dynamics of Land Occupations in Latin America - Henry Veltmeyer
11. The Occupation as a Form of Access to Land in Brazil: A Theoretical and Methodological Contribution - Bernardo Man‡ano Fernandes (translated by Malcolm K. McNee)
12. Agrarian Reform in Brazil under Neoliberalism: Evaluation and Perpsectives - Lauro Mattei
13. The Agrarian Question and Armed Struggle in Colombia - Igor Ampuero and James Brittain
14. Indian-Peasant Movements in Mexico: The Struggle for Land, Autonomy and Democracy - Armando Bartra and Gerardo Otero

Notes on Contributors
Index
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