This anthology is inspired by the conviction that the big questions of human existence, including matters of love and hate, responsibility and war, matter to us both as individuals and as citizens of a global order. Hence, these questions ought to matter to philosophers as well. In exploring these questions, the authors follow the ethical turn in philosophy, which transgresses the boundaries between philosophical thought and empirical existence, as well as between philosophy and other disciplines. The central themes of the anthology focus on the relation between self and other, between ambiguity and ambivalence, and between the problem of evil and responses to it. The authors discuss these themes in relation to concrete issues in the present, including colonialism, immigration and national policies towards refugees, the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, genocide, and mass rape. The contributors to this anthology, who come from a variety of national backgrounds, work in the fields of philosophy, psychology, and Holocaust studies.