Osiris, Volume 15

Nature and Empire: Science and the Colonial Enterprise

Edited by Roy MacLeod

Osiris, Volume 15
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Edited by Roy MacLeod

290 pages | 6-3/4 x 10 | © 2000
Cloth $50.50 ISBN: 9780226500782 Published November 2000
Surveying Africa, Asia, and the Americas, this important new collection looks at roles of science, medicine, and technology during five centuries of colonialism. This thought-provoking history examines the many intersections of science, politics, and culture during colonialism, including the relation between racism and medical science, "exploration" and its potential for wealth, and the perceived differences between indigenous knowledge and European science. Sixteen chapters focus on such topics as intellectual property rights and biodiversity, "acclimatizing" the world, and science and development. Bringing together contributions from scholars of history and science from around the globe, Nature and Empire forges a new path for readers interested in science and society during the modern era.
Contents
ROY MACLEOD: Introduction
PART I. IMPERIAL LEGACIESJUAN PIMENTEL: The Iberian Vision:
Science and Empire in the Framework of a Universal Monarchy, 1500-1800

JAMES E. MCCLELLAN III AND FRANÇOIS REGOURD: The Colonial Machine:
French Science and Colonization in the Ancien Régime

SVERKER SÖRLIN: Ordering the World for Europe:
Science as Intelligence and Information as Seen from the Northern Periphery

ALBERTO ELENA AND JAVIER ORDÓNEZ: Science, Technology and the Spanish Colonial Experience in the Nineteenth Century
PART II. MILIEUX AND METAPHORSUZANNE ZELLER: The Colonial World as a Geological Metaphor:
Strata(gems) of Empire in Victorian Canada

MARIA MARGARET LOPES AND IRINA PODGORNY: The Shaping of Latin American Museums of Natural History, 1850-1990
KAPIL RAJ: Colonial Encounters and the Forging of New Knowledge and National Identities:
Great Britain and India, 1760-1850

MICHAEL A. OSBORNE: Acclimatizing the World: A History of the Paradigmatic Colonial Science
PART III. SCIENCE, CULTURE, AND THE COLONIAL PROJECTANTONIO LAFUENTE: Enlightenment in an Imperial Context:
Local Science in the Late-Eighteenth-Century Hispanic World

SILVIA FIGUEIROA AND CLARETE DA SILVA: Enlightened Mineralogists:
Mining Knowledge in Colonial Brazil, 1750-1825

HARRIET DEACON: Racism and Medical Science in South Africa's
Cape Colony in the Mid- to Late Nineteenth Century

MICHAEL WORBOYS: The Colonial World as Mission and Mandate:
Leprosy and Empire, 1900-1940

PART IV: COLONIAL SCIENCE AND THE NEW WORLD SYSTEMDAVID WADE CHAMBERS AND RICHARD GILLESPIE: Locality in the History of Science:
Colonial Science, Technoscience, and Indigenous Knowledge

DEEPAK KUMAR: Reconstructing India:
Disunity in the Science and Technology for Development Discourse, 1900-1947

CHRISTOPHE BONNEUIL: Science and State Building in Late Colonial and Postcolonial Africa, 1930-1970
JOHN MERSON: Bio-prospecting or Bio-piracy:
Intellectual Property Rights and Biodiversity in a Colonial and Postcolonial Context

BIBLIOGRAPHY
NOTES ON CONTRIBUTORS
INDEX
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