Law, Computer Science, and Artificial Intelligence

Edited by Mervyn Bennun and Ajit Narayanan

Law, Computer Science, and Artificial Intelligence
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Edited by Mervyn Bennun and Ajit Narayanan

Distributed for Intellect Ltd

288 pages | 5 1/2 x 8 1/2 | © 1998
Paperback $28.50 ISBN: 9781871516593 Published May 1998
The interaction between the disciplines of law, computer science and artificial intelligence are attracting increasing attention within the academic and commercial communities, especially in the areas of "intelligent" computer fraud, copyright of software, data protection, representing law on the computer, and legal liability of producers of intelligent and nonintelligent software. The chapters in this volume are representative of the debate and of the central issues. They include material concerning the way that the discipline of law will affect computer science and AI and also how computer science and AI will affect law. The chapters lend support to the hypothesis that in years to come law will have a severe impact on computer science (via data protection and copyright); that computers will have an effect on law (via legal databases and electronic presentation of evidence); that law will impact on AI (via liability of intelligent software writers and codes of conduct); and that AI will have an impact on law (via models of legal reasoning and implementations of various statutes). By grouping the chapters into theory, implications, and applications sections, the authors make an initial attempt to identify separate, but interrelated methodological stances.
Contents

Part I: theory
• Computers, expert systems, and legal processes: Toward a sociological understanding of computers in legal practice
• Pragmatism and purism in Artificial Intelligence and legal reasoning
• Computers in court: The irreplaceable judge
• Computer judges and judgments
• Computers in law - hard cases

Part II: Implications
• AI and the law: Learning to speak each other's language
• The use of logical models in legal problem solving
• Liability and consent
• The data protection act and AI: A computer / law conflict?
• Copyright protection of computer programs in the UK

Part III: Applications
• Prolog, logic, and legal rules
• Practical legal expert systems: The relation between a formalization of legislation and expert knowledge
• Reasoning by analogy: Equal opportunity law as a case study
• Expert systems, legal decision-making, and self-revealing software
• Reasoning in income tax through logic programming

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