Lay Belief in Norse Society 1000-1350
Distributed for Museum Tusculanum Press
Earlier research on the subject
Chapter I: Eternal life and salvation
Chapter II: Rituals
Baptism: purification from original sin and integration
Divine service: purification, integration and distinction
The last rites: purification and distinction
The sacrament of penance: from collective to individual purification
Individualised purification rituals after the Gregorian reform
Why did some religious rituals fail?
Chapter III: Religious ethics
Religious ethics before the Gregorian reform
The promotion of a pacified society 1150–1350
From secular to religious poor relief: what difference did it make?
The relative strength of secular and religious norms
Religious ethics for clerics only?
Chapter IV: Help in this life through supernatural intervention
What is a supernatural intervention?
Divine and magical intervention as religious and political propaganda
Divine intervention to change the natural course of events?
Divine interventions to make predictions?
Conclusion: Religion's power—and its limits