The Incoherence of the Philosophers, 2nd Edition
Distributed for Brigham Young University
Translator’s Introduction – English
Translator’s Introduction – Arabic
Author’s Introduction: [The religious preface]
[A first] introduction
[A second] introduction
[A third] introduction
[A fourth] introduction
[Author’s table of contents]
[First] Discussion: On refuting their doctrine of the world’s past eternity
The [philosophers’] first [proof]
[The philosophers’] second proof...
[The philosophers’] third proof...
[The philosophers’] fourth proof
[Second] Discussion: On refuting their statement on the post-eternity of the world, time, and motion
[Third] Discussion: On showing their obfuscation in saying that God is the world’s enactor and maker...
Regarding the first [aspect]
The second aspect
The third aspect
[Fourth] Discussion: On showing their inability to prove the existence of the Maker of the world
[Fifth] Discussion: On showing their inability to prove that God is one...
[Sixth] Discussion: [On the divine attributes]
[Seventh] Discussion: On refuting their statement that the First cannot share with another in terms of genus...
[Eighth] Discussion: On refuting their statement that the existence of the First is simple...
[Ninth] Discussion: On showing their inability to sustain a proof that the First is not a body
[Tenth] Discussion: On their inability to show that the world has a maker and a cause
[Eleventh] Discussion: On showing the impotence of those among them who perceive that the First knows other[s] and knows the genera and species in a universal way
[Twelfth] Discussion: On showing their inability to prove that He also knows Himself
[Thirteenth] Discussion: On refuting their statement that God... does not know the particulars divisible in terms of temporal division into what is, what was, and what will be
[Fourteenth] Discussion: On their inability to set a proof [to show] that heaven is an animal that obeys God... through its circular motion
[Fifteenth] Discussion: On refuting what they mentioned concerning the purpose that moves heaven
[Sixteenth] Discussion: On refuting their statement that the souls of the heavens know all the particulars that occur in this world...
[Part Two: The Natural Sciences]
[Seventeenth] Discussion: [On causality and miracles]
[Eighteenth] Discussion: On their inability to sustain a rational demonstration [proving] that the human soul is a self-subsistent spiritual substance...
The first [proof]
A second proof
A third proof
A fourth proof
A fifth proof
A sixth proof
A seventh proof
An eighth proof
A ninth proof
A tenth proof
[Nineteenth] Discussion: On refuting their statement that it is impossible for human souls to undergo annihilation...
[Twentieth] Discussion: On refuting their denial of bodily resurrection...
The Book’s Conclusion
Notes to the English Text
Notes to the Arabic Text