How Do We Think?

A Survey of the Ways of Reasoning

Josef Macek

Josef Macek

Distributed for Karolinum Press, Charles University

292 pages | 6 x 8
Paper $20.00 ISBN: 9788024611792 Published December 2006 World rights except for the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic

Professor Josef Macek (1887-1972) was an important inter-war period economist, a leading personality of Czech Keynesianism. He became famous thanks to his polemics with the economist and minister of finance Karel Engliš on the questions of monetary and budget policy at the time of the economic crisis. After his emigration in 1948, he taught economics at the University of Pittsburg. This essay from the end of Macek's career, published for the first time, deals with the social-science methodology with special emphasis on the education to critical thinking. The work is published in the original English version.


Foreword by Vladimír Benácek, the editor


Preface by Josef Macek


Part I


Chapter 1. The Burden of Proof. The Admissibility of Proof


Chapter 2. Survey of the Kinds of Proof


Chapter 3. Proof of Logical Consistence


Chapter 4. Proof of Facts


Chapter 5. Proof of Values


Part II


Chapter 6. Proof by Logic


Chapter 7. Proof by Experience


Chapter 8. Proof by Authority


Chapter 9. Proof by Analogy


Chapter 10. Proof by Consensus and Tradition


Chapter 11. Proof by Miracle. On Cabala


Chapter 12. Proof by Sacrifice, Martyrdom and Death


Chapter 13. Proof by Silence


Chapter 14. Proof by Definition


Chapter 15. Proof by Statistics


Chapter 16. Sophistical Proofs


Part III


Chapter 17. Proof in the Perspective of History


Thanks due


Curriculum Vitae of Josef Macek


The Publications of Josef Macek

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