How Welfare States Care

Culture, Gender and Parenting in Europe

Monique Kremer

How Welfare States Care
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Monique Kremer

Distributed for Amsterdam University Press

300 pages | 6-1/4 x 9-1/4
Paper $52.95 ISBN: 9789053569757 Published August 2007 For sale only in the United States, its dependencies, the Philippines, and Canada
Though women’s employment patterns in Europe have been changing drastically over several decades, the repercussions of this social revolution are just beginning to garner serious attention. Many scholars have presumed that diversity and change in women’s employment is based on the structures of welfare states and women’s responses to economic incentives and disincentives to join the workforce; How Welfare States Care provides in-depth analysis of women’s employment and childcare patterns, taxation, social security, and maternity leave provisions in order to show this logic does not hold. Combining economic, sociological, and psychological insights, Kremer demonstrates that care is embedded in welfare states and that European women are motivated by culturally and morally-shaped ideals of care that are embedded in welfare states—and less by economic reality.
1. Introduction: Working Women and the Question of Care and Culture in Europe
2. Cinderella and Snow White Are Fairy Tales: Linking Care and Citizenship
3. Policy or Culture? Explaining Women's Employment Differences in Europe
4. Citizenship in Practice: Work, Care, and Income
5. The Right to Give Care: Tax, Social Security, and Leave
6. The Right to Receive Care: The State of Childcare Services
7. After Full-Time Mother Care: Ideals of Care in Policy
8. How Welfare States Work: Ideals of Care in Practice
9. Conclusion: Care and the Cultural Dimension of Welfare States
Appendix I: Governments in Belgium, Denmark, The Netherlands and the UK
Appendix II: List of Interviewees
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