Groups in Conflict

Equality Versus Community

Donald Franklin

Donald Franklin

Distributed for University of Wales Press

192 pages | 5-1/2 x 8-1/2 | © 2008
Cloth $60.00 ISBN: 9780708320242 Published July 2008 For sale in North and South America, Australia, and New Zealand only
Groups in Conflict addresses the conflict and tensions that exist between impartiality and partiality in political philosophy, ordinary thought, and practice by setting theoretical arguments in the context of contemporary issues such as immigration and public policy. Donald Franklin asserts that two camps of ethicists—those concerned with political philosophy and those concerned with personal morality—have been ignoring the implications of inconsistency in their mutual approaches. Far more than just exposing these irreconcilable differences, Franklin also proposes the modifications necessary to approach the nature of human equality.
 
Jonathan Wolff, University College London

Groups in Conflict takes up the challenge of trying to work out a moral picture that has room for the value of both equality and community. It is a significant, striking and refreshing contribution to the developing debate about the possible justification of partiality.”

Contents
Preface
 
Introduction
 
1. The Doctrine of Equal Human Worth
1A. Grounding the Doctrine of Equality
1B. Ethical luck and the normative implications of hte nature of human worth
1C. A principle of impartiality and the harms of differentiation
1D. Two concepts of fairness
1E. The defeasibility of fairness
1F. Equal worth and the fairness of punishment
1G. Conclusion -- the conflict to be resolved
 
2. Fairness and Impartiality: Their Scope
2A. Indulging partiality
2B. Partialist obligations?
2C. Conclusion
 
3. Indirect Justifications of Partiality
3A. Eudaemonic instrumentalist justificaitons
3B. The inadequacy of instrumental loyalty
3C. Conclusion
 
4. Valuable Relationships as Sources of Partialist Obligation
4A. The value of relationships and communities
4B. Relationships and communities as sources of obligation
4C. Evaluating relationships and communities
4D. Conclusion
 
5. Compromising Equality of Esteem
5A. Giving due weight to equality
5B. Impartiality in liberal political philosophy
5C. Conclusion
 
6. The Limits of Community
6A. Assessing the benefits of partiality
6B. Justifying partiality to large groups
6C. Entry and exit: immigration and emigration
6D. Access to communal goods
6E. Conclusion
 
7. Two Errors in Contemporary Ethical Thinking
 
Notes
 
Bibliography
 
Index
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